GUARDIAGRELE

Ælion, was the locality of cult dedicated to the God Sun that rose downhill. The present name derives from the successive evolution of the place name under the domination of the territory: Grælis in Latin, Grele in vulgar italian and with the addition of the word warda, of Longobard origin it is reached the present GuardiaGrele, that means to be a guard of Grele toward the Longobard tower built to look-out post.
It was therefore around the Longobard tower that the village rose in XII and XIII cent. and appeared later in ecclesiastical registers (1308). In the same period, like other regional localities, the village was fortified with one encircled wall and numerous towers (33) to defense by invaders and bandits.
From the XV cent. it links its history to that one of the Reign of Naples of which makes part becoming an important center of production of goldsmith art, having the maximum exponent in Nicola da Guardiagrele.
For its panoramic position it deserved the name of Terrace of Abruzzi received by the poet Gabriel D'Annunzio.

Main monument of Guardiagrele and the church of S. Maria Maggiore, with gothic portal; we mention moreover the church of S. Nicola di Bari (founded in IV century on the rests of a temple dedicated to Jove), the Convent of Cappuccini (1599). Many of these buildings got restorings of recent age followed to the great earthquake of 1706.
Among the noble palaces: Palace Marini (1391), Palazzo De Lucia (XVI cent.), Palazzo Vitacolonna (XVIII cent.).

GUARDIAGRELE
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Abruzzo region of Italy

 

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