LANCIANO

Lanciano, like Sulmona, is believed founded by the hero Solimo (1181 a.C.), companion of Enea (both fugitives from destroyed Troy), which gave it the name Anxanon memory of a dead friend. Even being a legend, the archaeological findings confirm the existence of a settlement from the bronze age.
Lanciano was then the capital of the Frentani, sannitico italic people who sided against Rome during the Sannitic wars and passed later under the power of the Roman Republic, becoming faithful ally and finally an importan Roman political centre.
Plundered by Goths and devastated by Longobards, it passed then to the Bizantins, to the Franchi and then Normanni (1060 d.C.) and was annexed to the new Reign of Sicily.
It saw then the domination of Svevi, Angioini and Aragonesi.
In XIV century the city knew a period of economic development thanks to its trading vocation becoming the greater inhabited center of Abruzzi.
With the discovery of the Americas and the transfer of the trading traffics from the Adriatic to the Atlantic also Lanciano knew a period of economic decline.

Lanciano guards one of greater monuments of the region: the Romanesque church of Santa Maria Maggiore (1227) constructed following the rules of the borgognona-cistercense architecture and embellished by Gothic portal. Other buildings of cult are San Francesco (1258), Sant'Agostino (1270), San Biagio (the 1059) and the Basilica of the Madonna del Ponte, built up at the end of the '700 in neoclassical style.
Of historic and cultural interest also the Torri Montanare, what remains of the town-walls of fortification constructed at the end of X century and demolished at the beginnig of XX century in order to facilitate the expansion of the city.

LANCIANO
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Abruzzo region of Italy

 

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