TERAMO

Petrut, as first inhabitants of fenician origin called it, was navigation port of Adriatic sea at the confluence of torrents Albula (Vezzola) and Batinus (Tordino). Conquered by Rome in 290 a.C it became a political center with the name of Interamnia Praetutianorum (city of the Pretuzi between the rivers). Annexed to the Empire by Augusto, it knew a period of architectonic development under Adrian acquiring prestige and splendor with the construction of temples, therms and theatres.
Destroyed like many other cities during the invasion of Goti in Italy (410 d.C.), it was then rebuilt in 568 passing to the Longobards and, later on, to the Normanni who set afire it in 1156.
In the Middle Ages it was episcopal center known as Aprutium and it was developed newly with the advent of the Svevi and the Angioini. Of this period they are the porch of the Episcopal Palace and the portale of the Cathedral (XIV sec.).
The center of the city offers many starting points for a cultural visit beginning with the Roman rests of the amphitheater and the theatre (III sec. d.C.) in order to pass to the Ancient Cathedral dating back to the High Middle Ages, today known as Church of Sant'Anna or Saint Getulio. The Duomo or Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta and San Berardo, was built in 1158 and presents two architectonic styles overlapped to testify two various periods: Romanesque lowerly and Ghotic upperly.
Of the same period (1153) it is the ancient Sanctuary dedicated to the Madonna delle Grazie, that it rises not far from the walls of the city and keeps works by Cesar Mariani.
The name of Teramo derives from its first name from the contraction of (In)Teramne-(Pretutium).

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TERAMO
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Abruzzo region of Italy

 

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