San Matteo Church - Lecce

LECCE

This City of Apulia (Puglia), main town of the Province, can be found in the Salentina Peninsula.

Situated 12 km from the Adriatic Coast and 25 km from the Ionic coast, Lecce is founded in the centre of a fertile plain, whose grounds are covered by limestone marly, widely used in the local building (the Ground of Lecce or Pietra Leccese (stone)).

It was the old Roman Municipality of Lupiae, which took on a certain importance during the 2nd Century at the time of Marco Aurelio. The City was subjected to long, bitter disputes during the Gothic Wars in the 6th Century and was conquered and pillaged twice by the King of Goths, Totila, in 542 and 549. The City fell into decline under the Longobards and due to the ascent of Otranto, after the death of Ottone II (983) it changed hands and was controlled by the Byzantine Catapano of Bari; having also been contested by the Arabs. It then became an important religious and cultural centre. After the Norman Conquest (around 1040), Lecce became a county and followed the destiny of the kingdom. It was given by Federico II to his natural son Mandredi; passed on to the Angiò (13th Century), object of a Brienne feud, who tried to build a wall around it, (14th Century) then by the Enghien and the Orsini-Del Balzo; in 1463, it “immediately” became a subject of the Crown of Naples. During the 15th Century, Lecce had become a meeting point for commercial traffic in the lower Adriatic and was therefore, frequented by merchants from Florence, Venice and the Balkans; allowing it to reach notable, economic stability. Having noticed this, the Turks attacked the City, but were repelled in 1480.

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LECCE
Art City

Puglia (Apulia) region of Italy
Main Square in Lecce
MAIN SQUARE

Bell Tower of Cathedral - Lecce
BELL TOWER

 

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Bari
Andria
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