ALBANIO LUCANIA

Albano di Lucania is a solitary village positioned on the summit of Mount San Leonardo, at 900 metres above sea level in the Basento Valley.

History

The presence of man has been testified by finds in Rocca del Cappello, probably a pre-chosen locality of the ancient civilisation, to practice sacred rituals, as demonstrated by the Palmenti or artificial basins dug out in the rock, which carry symbolic inscriptions.

The origins of its name may have come from an old Roman family called Albius, who owned the lands of Albano, or from Indo-European roots – Alb means hill or mountain.

What is certain though, is that in some Vatican documentation dating back to the VIII century, the S. Maria del Rifugio Monastery is mentioned, which was founded by Basilian monks in escape from iconoclastic persecution from Eastern emperors.

The Saracens were located in Abriola and Pietrapertosa, and in order to countervail their raids, the Longobards decided to construct a stronghold, giving the village its origins (IX century).
During Norman and Swabian domination, it was administered from the earldom of Tricarico, and a Romanesque style church was built (1200).

Moreover, the arrival of the Angioinians made the Albano population hostile, culminating in a revolt (1268), and coincided with the beginning of a period which saw the village assigned or sold from time to time to various feudatories. It belonged to Countess Filippa d’Alba, G. Pipino (1301), enfeoffed to the Sanseverino Family (XV and XVI centuries), bought be Dott. Ovidio D’Esars Alvario (1606) and resold in 1610. It once again became the property of the Parisi Family and became a dukedom under Domenico Ruggiero during 1687. His family ruled Albano until the outbreak of the Republican motions (1799) and the historical uprising of the population against Antonio Ruggiero.

After the experience of the Renaissance motions, Albano, as with all of Basilicata, merged into the Reign of Italy (1861.

A visit to the City

Albano is ideal for those who are in search of refuge and tranquility, but can also offer points of cultural interest to visit. The village is dominated by the S. Maria Assunta Church, a Romanesque construction dating back to the XIII century, which preserves precious paintings in its interior from the XVI and XVII centuries.
The Annunziata Church completes the visit to the religious buildings of Albano.

The remainder of the village is made up of tortuous alleyways and smalls squares containing nobiliary buildings with elegant stone portals.
The remains of the ancients walls, erected for protection, are still visible on the edges of the village, along with 2 towers which are now used as habitation.

Around Albano, one can visit the Paleochristian Church in the Rifoggio and the Rocca del Cappello, which preserves Neolithic inscriptions.

The Madonna di Fonti and Madonna delle Grazie Sanctuaries are situated a few kilometers away from the village.

Places of interest

The S. Maria Assunta Church (XIII century), the Annunziata Church in the Monte area; the Paleochristian Church in Rifoggio (VII and VIII centuries); the Madonna di Fonti Sanctuary; the Madonna delle Grazie Sanctuary; the Seggia del Diavolo (Devil’s Seat); Rocca del Cappello; the Palmenti (Basins) in the surrounding areas.

ALBANIO LUCANIA
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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