Aliano
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ALIANO

Aliano is situated in a territory characterised by calanchi (ravines) or erosive forms on the landscape, on a clay spur 500 metres above sea level overlooking the Valle d’Agri; a town of forced confine for the writer Carlo Levi during the fascist period.

History

A Necropolis was found in the area behind the village, in the Cazzaiolo district. It is rich with furnishings dating back to the VII and VI centuries BC. Aliano was definitely already a known Greek and Etruscan centre which was developed during the III century BC, during the period when it was conquered by Rome.

Its name derives from Praedium Allianum, meaning Allius property. The village received some impulse for development by Basilian monks, who arrived in Basilicata during the VIII century in escape from iconoclastic persecution from the East.

Later, Aliano appeared in two bulls in 1060 and 1123, where the Bishop of Tricarico was acknowledged as administrator of the village.
During the Middle Ages it was a fief of Givano of Montescaglioso, Giovanni Bricaldo, who was advisor to Carlo I of Angiò and the Sanseverino Family. In 1492, it passed over to the following families: Eligio della Marra, Carafam Gusman and eventually to the Colonna of Stigliano.

Between 1935 and 1936, the writer Carlo Levi was an internee in Aliano, where he wrote his book “Cristo si è fermato a Eboli” (Christ Stopped at Eboli.) At the entrance to the village, one can visit the Carlo Levi Casa Museo (House Museum).

A visit to the City

Here, one can enjoy splendid panoramic views overlooking the Valle d’Agri. The village preserves tracks of intact ancient walls and is rich with houses constructed with raw bricks, and the beautiful San Luigi Gonzaga Church (XVI century) which preserves precious ‘500 and ‘700 canvases.

One can also visit the ‘Museo della Civiltà Contadina’ (Museum of the Peasant Civilization) and the Carlo Levi Casa Museo (House Museum).

One can extend a visit on the outskirts of Aliano and admire the Madonna della Stella Sanctuary.

Place of interest

The San Luigi Gonzaga Church; Casa Museo Carlo Levi; Parco Letterario (Literary Park) Carlo Levi.

ALIANO
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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