ARMENTO

Armento rises 700 metres above sea level in the splendid Val d’Agri, one of the main cultural basins of Basilicata.

History

The hills where the current habitation is situated, has been inhabitated since the Magno-Greek Era (VII century BC), during which time a Potter’s School was developed in Armento; master potters who guaranteed wealth and development for the ancient village.

Instead, the current centre seems to be derived from Galasa or Calasarna, an ancient Greek centre, cited by Strabone, which was conquered by the Romans after the wars with Pirro (285-270 BC).

Remains of Senator Terenzio Lucano’s habitation have been found from the Roman Era, whilst the existence of a castrum in Armento is testified since the beginning of the Christian Era.

Between 726 and 730, the Basilian Monks arrived in Armento, in escape from iconoclastic politics from the Eastern Emperor, Leone Isauro.

Armento merged into the Longobard Dukedom of Salerno and experienced the arrival of the Saracens (972), but the population was distinguished for their courage and victorious confrontation.
During the subsequent century, it became Norman property and actively participated in the Crusades in the Holy Land, led by Goffredo of Buglione (1090).

In 1068, Robert Guiscard’s nephew, a noble of Montescaglioso and Tricarico, decided to donate the village of Armento to the Bishop of Tricarico. From then until the XVIII century, Armento was governed by ecclesiastics.

During the XVII century, the village was scourged by the Plague (1630, 1656) which decimated the population and by Earth tremors (1659, 1694), which damaged the habitation and monuments.

King Ferdinand IV declared Armento a Royal City (1786). After the Republican and Renaissance experience, during which Armento actively contributed, it became a free city under the Bourbons before the arrival of Garibaldi and then became part of the Reign of Italy (1861).

During the last century, Armento and all of Lucania were once again badly shaken by seismic events (1908, 1930, 1980).

A visit to the City

Armento preserves noteworthy monuments, beginning with the San Luca Abate Church, which preserves works from the ‘500s, and the Mother Church, which hosts a Polyptych from the XVI century.

On the outskirts of Armento, one can visit other religious buildings and the areas containing archaeological digs from the Greek period. One can visit the Sacred Area at Serra Lustrante from the VI century BC, dedicated to the cult of the Greek God Eracle.

Places of interest

The Mother Church; San Luca Abate Church, Madonna del Carmine Church; San Vitale Church; San Luca Chapel; Sant’Antonio Church“extra Moenia” (outside the City walls); Lunga Fountain; Palazzo Catoggio; Palazzo Terenzio Lucano; Madonna della Stella Sanctuary; Archaeological Digs in Serra Lustrante.

ARMENTO
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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