CALVELLO

Not too far from Abriola, positioned on a spur to the left of the La Terra River, is where one can visit Calvello, immersed in the midst of beech wood forests.

History

Its name derives from a mix of two words: Caro et vellus (Meat and Wool) with clear reference to sheep farming and breeding.

It was founded as a stronghold during Longobard domination, but the village subsequently developed around the year 1170 when some Benedictine monks founded the S. Maria del Piano Abbey and a chapel on Mount Saraceno.
At the time, the noble of Calvello was Count Bernardo. With the Angioiniansan (1268) ascent to the throne of Naples as victors in the battle against the Swabians, the population rebelled at bad governing by the feudatories chosen by the King, who then sent his troops to calm the revolt.

During the XVI century, it was fief of the Carafa family, then the Cutini and Ruffo di Castelcicala families.

Calvello supported the Republican campaign during 1799 and was also distinguished greatly during the Carbonari motions by hosting the most important Carbonari meetings in the south (1820).

It became part of the Reign of Italy in 1861.

A visit to the City

A visit to the City – There are numerous churches to visit in Calvello, among which we cite a rich gem of its history, namely the Santa Maria del Piano church with its beautiful Romanesque portal (XII century).
Another church of artistic interest is the Santa Maria degli Angeli which conserves frescoes in its interior from the ‘600s.
At the summit of the hills one can visit the Gorio Castle.

The Sant’Antonio Bridge dates back to the XII century.

A visit to the S. Maria sul Monte Saraceno Sanctuary is interesting. It was founded by the Benedictines during the XII century.

Place of interest

Gorio Castle; S. Giovanni Battista Matrix Church; Santa Maria del Piano Church (XII century); Santa Maria degli Angeli Church; SS Trinità Church; S. Antonio Abate Church; S. Francesco of Paola Church; Purgatorio Church; S. Antonio Church; S. Antonio Bridge (XII century); the “Castle”; S. Maria del Monte Saraceno Sanctuary; Eremita del Monte Saraceno Grotto; Chiesa Rurale della Madonna delle Grazie; Chiesa Rurale di S. Lucia; Chiesa Rurale della SS: Annunziata.

CALVELLO
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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