GALLICCHIO

Gallicchio is situated in a panoramic position on the left slope of the Val d’Agri. It is a small centre with Medieval origins.

History

Its name derives from the Latin Galli ictus, meaning “Rooster that throws”, an image reproduced in the communal coat of arms.

In ancient times it was known by the name of Gallicchio vetere, a centre founded by the indigenous Lucani (IV century BC) and destroyed by the Saracens during the IX century. The inhabitants escaped and sought refuge in the cliffs of “Fosso dei Monaci,” giving the origins of the new centre of Gallicchio.

During the Medieval era, it is cited in some documents as a Monastery (1060) or as a simple Parish (1123). What is certain is the presence of ecclesiastics during the centuries, including the periods between the Saracen raids (IX century) and the advent of Norman power (XI century).

It was fief of the following families: the Missanelli, Coppola and finally the Attolini Barons who gave the name to Palazzo Baronale (Baronial building), still present today in Gallicchio.

After the Unitarian period which led to the constitution of the Reign of Italy (1861), Gallicchio experienced a social phenomenon which distinguished this part of the south from the rest of Italy; the brigandage, poverty and emigration across the ocean and the sad page in history of the Second World War.

A visit to the City

Strolling through the Medieval district of Gallicchio evokes strong emotions: characteristic paths in stone, unexpected climbs, and panoramic glimpses all attract the visitor's attention.

In the Chiesa Madre (Mother Church), one can admire a fresco from 1619 by Iacopo Montagna, while the 17th century Madonna del Carmine Church preserves canvasses and interesting frescoes.

Place of interest

The Chiesa Matrice of S. Maria Assunta; Madonna del Carmine Church (1610); S. Giuseppe Church; S. Rocco Church; Palazzo Baronale.

GALLICCHIO
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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