GRUMENTO NOVA

In the middle of Val d’Agri, in the part nearest to Campania, is where one will come across Grumento Nova, positioned on an extended hill composed of three summits: S. Michele, Castle and Chiesa Madre.

History

The present day habitation sprung up during the Medieval period, not too far from the ruins of Grumentum, an ancient centre which was destroyed by the Saracens during 975 or 1031.

Its name is an Osca derivation: grama (village) with a suffix of the Greek oblique case entos.

The territory was inhabited since the VI century BC and became an important fortified centre during the Sannitiche Wars (IV century AD). After being conquered by Rome, along with the rest of southern Italy (III century BC), the territory of Grumentum was stage for various clashes with the Carthaginians: during 215 BC, the Consul Tito Sempronio Longo defeated Annone and in 207 BC, the Consul Claudio Nerone defeated Hannibal.

In the I century BC, it became a Municipium and during the Imperial era an Episcopal seat (370).

The present day centre, sprung up again after destruction with the name of Saponara, and was given by the Normans in fief to Roberto d’Altavilla, who was already Count of Montescaglioso. Due to rebellion against King Ruggiero II, the fief was taken from his son and assigned to the Fasanella family.

With the Swabians (1246), history repeated itself and Emperor Frederick II, took the fief away from Tommaso Fasanella, being the culprit who participated in the conspiracy of Capaccio.
In 1254, it was assigned to the Sanseverino family who siding with the Angioinians during the clash for power, had to endure attacks from bands of Saracens sent by the Swabian King Manfred.
After a French victory (1267), the fief returned to the hands of the Sanseverino family, who kept it until 1806.

Later on it took part in the Carbonari motions of 1820-21 and those of 1848.

An earthquake gravely damaged it during 1857 and after the date of Unification into the Reign of Italy (1861), the village had to endure the scars caused by the brigandage phenomenon.

During 1870, Grumentum Nova became the property of the Giliberti family.

A visit to the City

The village, which enjoys a panoramic position overlooking Val d’Agri, preserves the ruins of the Sanseverino Castle and offers the possibility to visit some interesting churches like S. Antonino and the Rosario Church containing mosaics in its interior.

Not too distant, one can dip into the distant past by visiting the Grumentum Archaeological Park which preserves the remains of an aqueduct, a theatre and amphitheatre, thermal baths and a Roman forum, all set in a panoramic position on the beautiful Pietra del Pertusillo Lake.

Place of interest

The San Severino Castle (XI century); Grumentum Archaeological Park; S. Antonino Matrix Church (1561); Palazzo Giliberti; Palazzo Caputi; Rosario Church (1658); Madonna di Pietà Church; Madonna della Salute Church (1730); Clemenza Chapel (XVI century); San Laviero Chapel (1504); Rupestrian Church of S. Michele.

GRUMENTO NOVA
Achaeological Site

Basilicata region of Italy

 

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