Maratea
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MARATEA

Maratea is situated on the slopes of Monte San Biagio, facing the splendid Tyrrhenian coast of the Policastro Gulf.

History

Its foundation is thought to have happened during the VIII century BC by Greek colonies arriving by sea. During the IX century AD, it merged into the Longobard Principality of Salerno and welcomed refugees from the city of Blanda which was destroyed by the Saracens.

It was conquered by the Normans and prospered under them during the XI century, acquiring even more importance as a commercial port. Its inhabitants left the ancient village on the summit of Monte San Biagio Maratea to create lower Maratea (XIII century).

Under the Aragonese, it enjoyed the title of Royal directional city until 1531, when it was sold to the Carafa family.
During this period, in defence of Turkish attacks, seven lookout towers were built along the coast.
In 1806, it suffered attack by Napoleonic troops who destroyed the fortress.

During the XX century, Maratea became popular as one of the major tourist centres of Basilicata, for the beauty of its coasts, its background and rich territorial history.

A visit to the City

The City is divided in an superior or upper part which is much older and an inferior or lower part. Maratea is also known as the “City of 44 Churches”, a name that immediately reveals the wealth of its architectonic patrimony.

Along the Maratea shoreline, one can enjoy interesting excursions to natural grottoes. While close by, on the small island of Santo Janni, a great deposit of amphoras and Roman anchors have been recovered, which can now been seen at the Underwater Archaeological Exhibition and at the De Lieto Museum.

Place of interest

The S. Maria Maggiore Matrix Church; San Biagio Sanctuary; Calvario Church; San Vito Church (XI-XIII century); Annunziata Church; Madonna del Rosario Church; Palazzo De Lieto; Immacolata Church (XVIII century); Addolorata Church (XIX century); Sant’Antonio Church; San Francesco Church; Ruins of ancient Maratea; Maratea Towers; Coastal Towers; Belvedere del Redentore; Marina Grotto.

MARATEA
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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