PICERNO

On a panoramic hill close to Potenza is where Picerno is situated. It is a characteristic village famous for the production of Salumi meaning cold meats.

History

Its foundation dates back to the II century BC, maybe being connected to the escape of the Acerrona inhabitants from Hannibal’s military during the Second Punic War. Castrum Pizeni was founded on higher and more secure ground.

Its name derives from pice and the suffix erno, which signifies the “place where pitch (tar) was extracted”.

With the arrival of the Normans (mid XI century) the cylindrical tower was built, which still today dominates the village. It belonged to the Pocamato nobles and later the Gualdino de Glosa and Amor.

Carlo d’Angiò assigned the fief of Picerno to Eustasio de Juvenicio (1268), but shortly afterwards it became the fief of Taxino de Jovine (1270) and Giovanni Pipino, Count of Potenza (1301).

During 1337 Iacopo Sanseverino, count of Tricarico, sold the fief to Filippo de Sus.

In 1456, after the Aragonese’s ascension to the throne of Naples, Picerno firstly became a fief of the Caracciolo family and then the following families: Spinella di Scalea, Muscettola and finally the Pignatelli, Prince of Marsiconuovo who kept it until the end of feudalism (2nd August 1806).

Picerno was among one of the main Republican centres during 1799, opposing great resistance to the Bourbonic and Vatican troops. On 10th May of the same year, after courageous resistance it fell, meriting the name of “Lioness of Lucania”.

The 1857 earthquake gravely damaged the appearance of Picerno.

A visit to the City

The Annunziata Church (‘300s) in the City is noteworthy. It preserves funerary marble reliefs in its façade from the I century BC. One can also visit the Parish Church of S. Nicola which was erected on the remains of the Medieval Castle.
Not too far outside the village, which is embellished with nobiliary buildings with elegant stone portals, one can visit the 15th century Assunta Church, which guards in its interior a Madonna with Child by Antonio Stabile from 1577.

The cylindrical Medieval Tower dominates the Picerno habitation from above.

Picerno is one of the places of Basilicata where Galloitalico is spoken, as a consequence of the migration of populations from Monferrato (Piemonte) following the Angioiniansans (XIII century).

Place of interest

The Norman Tower; Annunziata Church (‘300s); San Nicola Mother Church (‘700s); Assunta Church (1462); Cappuccini Church (1593); Palazzo Caivano (‘600s); Palazzi Scarilli (‘600s).

Events

Feast of San Nicola of Bari on 9th May; Feast of San Donato on 7th August; Feast of Santa Maria Assunta on 15th August; Feast of San Rocco on 17th & 18th August; Feast of Sant’Egidio on 1st September.

PICERNO
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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