TOLVE

A short distance away from Vaglio, where the ancient Appian Way curves towards Tricarico and Matera, is where one will find Tolve, an ancient Medieval centre defended on a cliff and dominated by the remains of its ancient Castle.

History

Rupestrian incisions and the remains of villages testify to the presence of man in the area of Monte Moltone beginning during the Neolithic period. The presence continued both in the Bronze and Iron Ages, also due to the important strategic position of the hill.

In this way the remains of an important Hellenistic villa emerged dating back to the IV century BC, which was abandoned during the III century following a fire. It could probably be linked to the plundering carried out by Hannibal’s troops during the Second Punic War (end of the III century BC).
The cessation of conflict between the Carthaginians and Rome led to new development in the region and of Tulbium.

The following remain from the Roman period: a villa in San Pietro and a Roman bridge known by the name of Ponte del Diavolo.

Tolve was then fortified and became an important stronghold, firstly of the Goths (V century) and then the Longobards (VI century), who also constructed the Castle. The village was cited in a Rotari (Rothari) edict (22nd November 643).

The Longobard dominium definitely ended during the X century, as recorded in a Vatican document which cites Byzantian Tolve (1001). In turn, the Byzantines abdicated in favour of the Normans (XI century), who assigned it to the county of Tricarico.

Under the Swabians, Tolve belonged to Count Calvano, maternal uncle of Manfred, son of Frederick II and Bianca Lancia.

Under the Aragonese (XV century), Tolve was fief of the following families: Pignatelli, Brayda (1575), Gian Matteo Rinaldi, Jovene and once again of the Pignatelli (1677).
In 1799, the village adhered to the Republican Revolution and in 1860 adhered to the Unitarian motions which led to the birth of the Reign of Italy (1861).

A visit to the City

The Arco delle Carceri or the Arco delle Torri in the village is remarkable. It opens up in the Medieval defensive walls allowing visitors access to the historical nucleus of Tolve.
Here one can visit the 15th century San Pietro Church, with its beautiful portal, the San Nicola Church of Byzantine foundation and the San Rocco Church.
Annexed to the defensive walls one can admire the San Francesco Church which preserves paintings from the Baroque era in its interior.
On top of the hill dominating the village one can visit the Medieval Castle remains, of Longobard foundation.

Place of interest

The Castle remains; Carceri Arch; Octagonal Fountain from the '800s; San Francesco Convent (1400); San Nicola Church; S. Pietro Church ('400s); San Rocco Church; Purgatorio Church (IX century); Roman Bridge; Ponte Vecchio of Ponte del Diavolo; Hellenistic Villa from the IV century in the Monte Moltone locality; A visit to Vaglio Basilicata; a visit to Cancellara; a visit to Irsina.

Events

Feast of Sant'Antonio on 13th June; Feast of the Madonna del Carmine on 16th July; Feast of San Rocco on 16th August; Feast of San Rocco on 16th September; Feast of Santa Lucia on 13th December.

TOLVE
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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