Vaglio is situated on the Eastern slope
of Serra San Bernardo, not too far from Potenza. It is particularly
noted for its finds from two archaeological sites dating back
to the Iron Age.
The Terra of Balio made headline news during the Ghibelline
Revolts of 1268. Troops who were loyal to the Angioiniansans
and defeated at Acerenza, in turn destroyed the centre of
It was fief of various families over the centuries: Spinelli,
Salazar and Quarto Laurenzana.
During 1799 it actively participated in the popular unrest
connected to the Republic of Naples.
After unification into the Reign of Italy (1861), it was plundered
by troops of brigands led by Crocco and da Borjés.
A visit to the City
One can enter the centre of Vaglio through a Medieval Doorway,
where it's possible to visit the Sant'Antonio Church which
is situated adjacent to the convent and which preserves valuable
wooden altars from the XV and XVI centuries. One can also
visit the San Pietro Mother Church which guards the relics
of San Faustino Martire, the patron Saint of Vaglio.
Whilst walking through the historical centre, one can admire
the nobiliary buildings and beautiful terraces.
The archaeological areas of Serra di Vaglio
and Rossano are noteworthy. Here, tombs with complete funerary
treasures (amour, jewellery, jewels, necklaces and fibulae)
have been uncovered along with the remains of Utilia Bella
which was an active fortified centre during the VIII and III
centuries BC. The remains of a Lucano Sanctuary dedicated
to the Goddess Mefitis has also been discovered.
A Gallic-Italic dialect is spoken in Vaglio which is a derivation
of Piemontese (dialect of Piemonte).
Place of interest
The Mother Church dedicated to San Pietro; San Donato Church
(1553); Ex Sant'Antonio Abate (Abbot) Convent; Palazzo Tamburino;
Madonna of Rossano Rural Church; Archaeological Park in the
Rossano, Braida and Serra di Vaglio localities (X-III century
The Ancient People of Lucania Museum: Vaglio
Feast of San Faustino on 20th May; Feast of the Madonna delle
Grazie on 8th September; Festival of Goods on 24th June and