VIGGIANELLO

Immersed in a landscape of extraordinary beauty in the western part of the Pollino National Park is where one will come across the ancient village of Viggianello.

History

Its foundation came about during the Greek Period or probably during the Second Punic War (III century BCV). Vases and coins have been discovered from this period in archaeological sites in the Spedarei, Campo le Rose and Caloi localities.

History reports the existence of a Castrum Byanelli, a Roman garrison of Via Capua-Rhegium, also known as Via Popilia or Via Annia. It was constructed during 132 BC to connect Rome with Reggio Calabria.

All trace of the ancient centre has been lost. It is only during the X century that there is confirmation of the presence of Basilian Monks who were active in its territory, in some chapel hypogeum.

It was conquered by the Normans (XI century) who erected the first fortress, which appeared for the first time in a document during 1132 by the name of Vinginello.

Viggianello belonged to the powerful Sanseverino-Bisignano family from 1484-1809.

During the XVII century, its population was decimated by plague epidemics.

A visit to the City

The City preserves its original town-planning structure where the most important architectonic structures were placed. Among these we would like to cite the Santa Caterina Mother Church which guards a baptismal font in its interior from the XVI century, the SS. Trinità Church with its Basilian dome and the Sanseverino-Bisignano Castle ruins.

From a more recent era one can admire nobiliary buildings from the 18th century, among which: Palazzo Mastropaolo and Palazzo Caporeale.

Viggianello is part of the Pollino National Park, a naturalistic oasis where it is possible to enjoy various types of excursions.

Place of interest

The SS Trinità Church; Sanseverino-Bisignano Castle ruins; S. Caterina Parrocchiale (Parish) Church (XVII century); Palazzo Mastropaolo (XVII century); Palazzo De Filpo; Palazzo Caporeale (XVII century); Santa Maria dell'Assunta Chapel (1595); S. Maria della Grotta or Santa Rosa Chapel (1738); San Luigi Chapel (De Filpo family); San Luigi Chapel; Immacolata Concezione Chapel; S. Sebastiano Chapel; Sant'Antonio Chapel (1656); Ava Maria Chapel; S. Lucia Chapel in the Canalea locality; San Francesco of Paola Church (XIX century); S. Pasquale Church in the Prastio locality; Gioia Fountain (1876); S. Carmelo Parish Church in the Pedali locality; Chapels: S. Onofrio, Madonna dell'Alto (1775); S. Antonio in the Convent, Madonna del Soccorso, Maria SS. Miracolosa, S. Francesco of Paola; Magnacane Mill in the Falascoso locality; Piano Ruggio and Belvedere; Archaeological area dating back to the Greek-Roman era in the Campo le Rose locality; Archaeological area dating back to the Greek-Roman era in the Caloi locality; Archaeological area dating back to the Greek-Roman era in the Spedirei locality; Pollino National Park; a visit to Castelluccio Superiore; a visit to Castelluccio Inferiore; a visit to Rotonda.

Events

The Viggianello Carnival; Procession of the Death of Christ on Good Friday; Feast in honour of San Francesco of Paola during the 1st week after Easter in the Piano Pedali district; Feast in honour of the Madonna dell'Alto on the last Sunday in May in the San Nicola-Gallizzi locality; Sacred Heart of Jesus the first Sunday in July; Feast of S. Francesco of Paola the second and third Sunday in August; Feast in honour of the Madonna del Carmelo on the 3rd Sunday in August; Feast in honour of San Francesco of Paola and festival of fir trees in the last week of August; Pilgrimage to the Madonna dell'Alto on the first Sunday in September; Feast in honour of the Madonna Addolorata on the last Sunday in September; Feast of S. Caterina on 25th November.

VIGGIANELLO
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