Cosenza
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COSENZA

The City is in the form of an old nucleus, on the Pancrazio Hills (383m), on whose summit you can find a Castle in Arabic-Norman Style of noteworthy architectural quality. It was restored by Federico II and later improved, giving it modern quarters constructed to the north of Busento, on a normal map.

Old Consentia or Cosentia, probably founded by the Pelasgi or by the Lucani, an important centre of Bruzio, was subdued by the Romans (204BC) and became a colony under Augusto Alarico, who died in the vicinity of the City (410), and was buried by the Goths; according to the legend, on the bed of the river Busento, after having temporarily deviated its course. Castaldato Longobard was then, in the 9th and 11th Centuries, Saracen and Norman: with the Angioini, it became an important administrative centre of the Sila. In the 15th Century, it was part of the revolts of the Silani citizens (1458-1459) and by the Baroni (1458-1486) against the Aragonese, and supported the heavy repressions. It was destroyed numerous times by earthquakes (1638, 1783, 1854 and 1870). Centre of insurrectional revolts against the Bourbons, during the Renaissance period (1829, 1837, 1844, 1847, and 1848), after the last of these, which broke out in 1860, it then became part of the Reign of Italy. Following the unfortunate expedition of 1844, the Bandiera Brothers were shot in the Walloon of Rovito, in the vicinity of the City.

In the old part of the City of Cosenza, you can find the main monuments of considerable importance: the Cathedral (constructed in Gothic-Cistercian form, between 1185 and 1222, then transformed during the ‘700’s and finally, fully restored in the 19th Century) - in its interior you can find the beautiful sepulchre of Regina Isabella d’Aragona (1271), the churches of San Francesco d’Assisi (dating by to the 13th-15th Centuries), San Francesco di Paoloa (18th Century), of the Cappuccinelle (15th-16th Centuries) and of Santa Maria di Costantinopoli (18th Century), the Porta Martirano and some beautiful 15th Century Buildings.

In the New City, you can find the church of San Domenico (15th Century, redone in the 18th Century). The Civic Archeological Museum and the Cosentina Academy, face onto Piazza 15th Marzo. Cosenza was native land of the philosopher and naturalist Bernardino Telesio and the poet Galeazzo di Tarsia.

The Cosenza province includes a large part of the Region of the Sila, under valuation as a tourist, agricultural and industrial area, and the Catena Costiera (Coastal Area), of deep descent towards the Tirrenio. There is very little flatland (Vallo del Crati, in the interior and Piana di Sibari, along the Ionic coast). The main rivers are the Crati and the Neto, tributaries of the Ionio; there are numerous, so called, Fiumare (broad streams), due to an intensely torrential regime.

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COSENZA
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