SCOLACIUM

Facing the homonymous gulf of the Jonica coast, is where one will come across the Squillace Archaeological Park, a well preserved site rich in history and art.

History

Legend would have one believe its foundation by the name of Skyllétion of Ulysses or Menesteo, following the destruction of Troy. History states its foundation by Athens or the Calcidesi.

Skyllétion quickly entered in the orbit of the Greek colony of Cróton, following its historical destiny. It was then taken by Dioniso I (387 BC), the tyrant of Siracusa, who annexed it to his ally Locri.

In the IV century, it entered as part of the Bruzi dominion; an Italic population of shepherds and warriors, who had Cosenza as its administrative centre.
After the ephemeral attempt of the Greek Agathocles (299 BC) to conquer Calabria and Sicily, events followed which were linked to the war between Rome and Taranto, and the consequent wars with Pirro (280-275 BC), which left a large part of the South to the Republic of Rome.

During the Second Punic War, it probably supported Hannibal, as did other Greek cities in the desperate attempt to resist the Romans. Following abandonment of the Carthaginian general from Italy (203 BC), the centre became a Roman colony by the name of Scolacium.
During the Imperial era, the centre continued to prosper, then during the IV century became an Episcopal seat.

Flavio Aurelio Magno Cassiodoro, the first minister of Emperor Teodorico and the Ostrogoth Vitige, was born here (490-583 BC). At the end of his career as first minister, he returned to Scolacium and founded Vivarium and Castellense. The first was a centre of study and a library which was considered the first university of Europe. The second was a centre of study and instruction in agriculture.

The City was abandoned due to clashes linked to the Greek-Gothic War (535-553 BC) and frequent Longobard (VI century) and Saracen raids (VIII century). It was only restored to history by archaeological digs carried out by Ermanno Arslan during the '900s.

A visit to the Archaeological Park

The Archaeological Park is positioned in the Roccelletta locality and preserves monuments and finds predominantly from the Roman era. The Amphitheatre and the Theatre (I century AD) are noteworthy. Some parts of the aqueducts, roads, mausolea and tombs in general from Terme and Basilica are still visible today.

Place of interest

- Parco Archeologico di Scolacium
- Antiquarium del Parco Archeologico
- Abbazia di S. Maria della Roccella
- Visita di Squillace
- Visita di Catanzaro
- Visita di Máida
- Visita di Soverato

Museums

- Antiquarium del Parco Archeologico

Events

- Nessun Evento segnalato

SCOLACIUM
Achaeological Site

Calabria region of Italy

 

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