TIRIOLO

Tiriolo dominates the territory from a peak which separates the Lamato Valleys from the Corace, not too distant from Catanzaro and the Small Sila Park.

History

Finds from digs, dating back to the Neolithic era, were uncovered in grottoes scattered over the territory and in the Sovarico Valley. Relics dating back to the Bronze and Iron Era have emerged instead more downstream and refer to a centre which was already socially developed.

The centre was then Hellenised by the Magno-Greek colonies which had arrived on the coasts of Calabria during the VIII and VII centuries BC, probably taking on the name of Trioros.

The scenery changed suddenly with the ascension to power of the Bruzi (IV century BC), who conquered a large part of Calabria and became proud adversaries of both the Greeks and Romans.

It was conquered permanently by the Romans at the end of the Second Punic Wall and appeared on the bronze tablet of Senatusconsultum de Bacchanalibus (186 BC) by the name of Ager Teuranus.
Remains of villas from the Roman era, have been uncovered in the Santu Janni locality.

After the dark period of Barbaric invasions (V century) and the Ostrogoth Reign (496-535), Tiriolo reappeared in history as a fortified centre (IX century AD) and was the subject of attacks from bands of Saracen, who eventually managed to besiege it led by the mercenary leader Sabir (929-930).

It was then conquered by the Normans (XI century) who had the Rocca Falluca Castle built then assigned Tiriolo to Guglielmo d'Altavilla.

The decline of the Angioinians, who eliminated the Swabian lineage (1194-1266), took the suburb firstly to Drivone de Regibayo, then in 1271 to Goffredo Bovet and finally in 1273, as part of the Royal Estate.

Midway through the '300s, Tiriolo passed hands to the Ruffo family, already marquises of Crotone and counts of Catanzaro, who administered it until midway through the '400s when Antonio Centelles, husband of Marchioness Enrichetta Ruffo, rebelled against King Alfonso V of Aragona, therefore losing all his assets, including Tiriolo, which then became part of the Royal Estate.
The king's son, ascended to the throne by the name of Ferdinando I in 1458 and sold Tiriolo to the Carafa family (1481), who remained in power until 1610, the year in which Francesco Maria Carafa sold Tiriolo to the Count of Messina, Carlo Cigala-Doria.

The new nobility encouraged commerce by moving trade from Sicily to Calabria and allowing Tiriolo to experience a period of development, confirming an architectonic rebirth.
However, events of the plague and seismic tremors, were set against this. The earthquake of 29th March 1783 was terrible and devastated part of the village.

Vincenzo De Filippis was born in Tiriolo. He was a mathematician who adhered to Republican ideals in 1799, paying for this with his life (28th November 1799).

The centre adhered to Unitarian Motions to such an extent as to give hospitality to Garibaldi and his troops on 28th and 29th August 1860.

A visit to the City

Tiriolo is a centre that offers panoramic views which embrace both the Tyrrhenian and Jonio Seas.

Tourists can visit the Medieval Castle remains and the pre-Roman fortifications, as well as some churches, amongst which the Madonna delle Grazie with its Baroque altar in its interior.

The patrimony of objects kept in the Antiquarium is considerable. It covers the historical period from Neolithic to Medieval, hosting a collection of Bretti finds (IV century BC), which testify to a vast prosperity in Tiriolo during the pre-Roman era.

Place of interest

- Castello Normanno (XI-XII sec.)
- Chiesa della Madonna delle Grazie
- Chiesa dello Spirito Santo (XVII sec.)
- Palazzo Schettini (XVI sec.)
- Resti di Fortificazioni Romane e Medievali

Museums

- Antiquarium Comunale in via Pitagora

Events

- A pigghiata il Venerdì Santo:
- Estate di Tiriolo: spettacoli teatrali e mostre
- Sagra del pollo alla diavola in agosto
- Sagra do Cuddrurieddru in agosto
- Sagra dell'olio d'oliva in novembre

TIRIOLO
Art City

Calabria region of Italy

 

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