MODENA

The City of Emilia Romagna is situated along the directrices of Via Emilia, between the Secchia and Panaro Rivers. It’s the seat of a university and of a renowned and historical Accademia Militare (Military Academy).

Founded as an ancient Etruscan Garrison, Modena was subsequently conquered by the Romans in the 3rd Century BC, becoming old Mutina, thus assuming the laws of the Colony of 183 BC. In 43 BC, the so called War of Modena occurred, an episode of the civil war following the death of Cesar. The ancient urbanistic plan, usual of Roman Cities, is still recognizable from the central nucleus of the City and in particular, in the current day Via Emilia, which relates to decumano Massimo. The City was impoverished during the barbaric invasions and began to flourish again only at the end of the 9th Century; it then became a free council and member of the Lombard League. The medieval part was added in the occidental quarters, defining its suburban characteristics by irregular roads, wide porches and variable dimensions. From the 14th Century to the Unity, the City continued to grow without problems, apart from short interruptions during the dinastia degli Este (Dynasty of the Este). After a period of French occupation between the 18th Century and the beginning of the 19th Century, it became the centre of insurrectional revolts, amongst which that unfortunate one of C. Menotti (1831). In 1860, for plebiscite reasons, it adhered to the State of Sabaudo.

The Roman Cathedral is the symbol of the city: dating back to 1099/1323, being projected by the architect Lanfranco (his name, together with that of the sculptor Wiligelmo, is remembered by a plaque of dedication placed on the external wall of the building). The Cathedral and its decoration are to be considered amongst the most highly architectural expressions of Roman sculpture in Italy. Both its exterior and interior are austere and suggestive. On the exterior, the most notable sections are the façade, an ornate protiro (arched hood) and a large rose-window, the arched area being mighty and majestic, the Porta Regia (door) and the Porta della Pescheria on two sides of the building. The Campanile (tower) completes the complex, also known as The Ghirlandina, 88 metres in height, and of a slim Gothic completion.

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MODENA
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Emilia Romagna region of Italy
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Art Cities in Emilia Romagna
Bologna
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Modena
Parma
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