Trajan's Column, Rome

ROME (ROMA)

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The process of expansion modified the economic structure of the State; the immense conquered territories, from which incalculable riches flowed, determined the crisis of the agricultural structure on which Italy was based; whilst Rome tried to reinforce its own political structure to try and adapt it to the governing of the provinces, without substantially modifying its powers, it affirmed the class of the Cavaliers.
The cultural consequences were extremely important to expansion in the Oriente, which indelibly modified the features of Roman civilization. The servile war in Sicily (136-132 BC) opened a period of strong social tension: the tribuneship of Tiberio Gracco (133 BC) tried to help the populace by distributing the public land to them; Fulvio Flacco (125 BC) tried without success, to extend Roman citizenship to the Italians; Gaio Gracco (123 BC) retrieved the political position from his brother Tiberio, but was assassinated in 121 BC: The social war (90-88BC) conducted by the Italians who reclaimed the citizenship, which was expressed by the profound structural crisis, intensified during the civil war. The encounter at first saw Mario and Silla (88-82 BC) as the two main protagonists, therefore, after the dissolving of the first triumvirate (Cesar, Pompeo, Crasso, 60-52 BC), Pompeo and Cesar were owed merit of the conquest of Gallia and Britannia. After Cesar was murdered (44 BC) another civil war followed, which had Ottaviano and Antonio as the two opposing adversaries. They were established in Rome with the support of the Senate. Ottaviano, after a temporary agreement with his rival (according to the triumvirate 43 BC, with Ottaviano, Antonio, Lepido) made a decisive attack on the Oriente to eliminate the Cesaricidi (Filippi, 42 BC), where there was a strict alliance with the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra.

At Azio (31 BC) Ottaviano obtained a decisive victory and continued to define his own personal power (auctoritas): in itself, a guarantee of peace, from the tradition and needs of all social classes, as all the components of the imperial command were recognized. The administrative and military reorganization of the empire were determinative, in particular regard to new social dynamics. The power was linked to the person and not to the institutions who favoured succession (dynasty Giulio-Claudia and Flavia), a tendency to diversify governmental methods, behaviour and political assent. Though Tiberio (14-37 AD) and Claudio (41-54) demonstrated their inheritance of balance and longed awaited peace from Ottaviano, Caligola (37-41), Nerone (54-68) and Domiziano (81-96) instead, inclined towards typical oriental methods (autocracy, theocracy), whilst Vespasiano (69-79) and Tito 9-81) were prudent administrators of state resources.

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ROME
Art City

Lazio (Latium) region of Italy

 

Costantino's Arch, Rome
COSTANTINO'S ARCH

Appia Antica
ANCIENT APPIA STREET

Settimio Severo's Palace, Rome
SETTIMIO SEVERO'S HOUSE

 

 


 

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ART TRAVEL LINK - SELECTED WEB SITES

B&B Buonarroti - Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore in Rome B&B Buonarroti - www.buonarrotihome.com
Bed & Breakfast nearby Piazza Vittorio and Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore. Comfortable rooms and interesting offers...
[<< Click on the pic to read the B&B's description]
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Ares Rooms - Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore in Rome Ares Rooms - www.aresrooms.com
Friendly B&B located close to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore. Cheap and elegant rooms with private bathroom...
[<< Click on the pic to read the B&B's description]
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b&b Monti House - near Roman Forums Monti House - www.montihouse.com
Cozy and comfortable b&b inside Rione Monti, close to Roan Forums and Colosseum. Cheap rooms with air conditioning and private bathroom...
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B&B City House - near the  Pantheon City House - www.pantheonhouse.com
B&B elegantly furnished only few steps far from the Pantheon and Piazza Navona inside the historica centre of Rome. Rooms with private bathroom and all facilities...
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B&B Il Sogno - inside Trastevere B&B Il Sogno - www.ilsognoditrastevere.com
New bed & breakfast offering comfortable rooms with private bathroom located inside the characteristical Trastevere district. Very well connected with public transports...
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Apartments for rentals in Rome - www.romecityapartments.com
It offers a wide range of apartments in Rome Italy. A good alternative to 3 and 4 stars hotels having also the possibility to relax cooking...
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In Rome Today - Guide of Rome - http://www.inrometoday.it
Rome Web Guide to discover museums and exhibitions, hotels and restaurants.
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Rome Booky - Apartments in Rome - http://www.romebooky.com
Apartments and B&Bs ready for short rental period in all the districts of Rome: secure on line bookings.
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Charming Hotels in Rome Italy - http://www.inromehotels.com
Rome Hotels Directory: choose your hotel, B&B and apartment in Rome by location, fee or category: secure bookings.

  • ... ask to put your link here

 

B&B Il Sogno - inside Trastevere B&B Il Sogno - www.ilsognoditrastevere.com
New bed & breakfast offering comfortable rooms with private bathroom located inside the characteristical Trastevere district. Very well connected with public transports...
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B&B Buonarroti - Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore in Rome B&B Buonarroti - www.buonarrotihome.com
Bed & Breakfast nearby Piazza Vittorio and Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore. Comfortable rooms and interesting offers...
[<< Click on the pic to read the B&B's description]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ares Rooms - Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore in Rome Ares Rooms - www.aresrooms.com
Friendly B&B located close to the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore. Cheap and elegant rooms with private bathroom...
[<< Click on the pic to read the B&B's description]
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b&b Monti House - near Roman Forums Monti House - www.montihouse.com
Cozy and comfortable b&b inside Rione Monti, close to Roan Forums and Colosseum. Cheap rooms with air conditioning and private bathroom...
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B&B City House - near the  Pantheon City House - www.rome-bed-breakfast-pantheon-house.com
B&B elegantly furnished only few steps far from the Pantheon and Piazza Navona inside the historica centre of Rome. Rooms with private bathroom and all facilities...
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In Rome Today - Guide of Rome - http://www.inrometoday.it
Rome Web Guide to discover museums and exhibitions, hotels and restaurants.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rome Booky - Apartments in Rome - http://www.romebooky.com
Apartments and B&Bs ready for short rental period in all the districts of Rome: secure on line bookings.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Charming Hotels in Rome Italy - http://www.inromehotels.com
Rome Hotels Directory: choose your hotel, B&B and apartment in Rome by location, fee or category: secure bookings.

  • ... ask to put your link here

 


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