rises between the Chienti and the Potenza valleys, on the
top of a hill that dominates the surrounding areas.
Founded by Camerti in preRoman age, Camerino
signed an alliance with Rome during the Sannitic wars for
the supremacy on Central Italy.
On the side of Rome during the second Punic war and the subsequent
years, it was conferred to its inhabitants the privilege of
the Rroman citizenship (101 b.C.).
During the Empire, like for other cities of Italy, Camerino
knew a period of peace and development becoming episcopal
center in IV sec. a.D.
Besieged by Goths, it then made part of the Byzantin Empire
and Longobard Reign.
Belonged to the Mainardi counts during the Middle
Ages, it passed to Roman Church (1077)
paying its faith during the crashs between the Svevian Empire
and the Papal State with the destruction in 1256
made by Manfredi's Imperial troops, leaded by Percivalle Doria.
After the fall of the Svevian Empire, Camerino was managed
by Da Varano family until 1502, when it passed
to the Borgia, who got the power until 1545,
year in which the city newly passed to the Pope beginning
to know a period of slow decline.
Camerino is an art casket that surprise for the wealth of
its historical center. Starting with the ancient medieval
doors that open the town-walls: Porta Malatestiana, Porta
Caterina Cibo and Porta Boncompagni.
Piazza Cavour concentrates greater monuments of the city:
Palazzo Ducale, erected under Giulio Cesar
Da Varano ('400), the Renaissance Archiepiscopal Palace ('500)
that hosts the Diocesano Museum, and finally the Chatedral,
rebuilt in XIX cent. on the previous Romanesque building destroyed
during the earthquake of 1799.
Other monuments that we only shortly cite here are the Monastero
di Santa Chiara, the Borgia's Rocca (1502-1503),
the Church of San Domenico, the Church of
San Maria in Via.
Camerino hosts very year in May the Corsa della Spada (Sword
Race), linked to the ancient division of the city and the
territory in Terzieri: Muralto, Sossanta and of Means.