Monumento della Battaglia di Castelfidardo This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Click the pic to see its description page and licensing.

CASTELFIDARDO

Castelfidardo rises between the Aspio and Musone valleys. Present city rose in VII century but the area was inhabited since more ancient ages as demonstrated through the findingsi of some Picene tombs in the zone of the Furnaces.

Allied of Rome, it lived the vicissitudes tied to the barbaric invasions and made then part of the Ostrogoto Reign. Besieged by general bizantino Belisario, disembarked in Italy in 535 with the attempt to restore the Western Roman Empire, it was then annexed to the Longobard Reign.
The Castle rose on the hill in the XI century and appears in a document of 1139 with the name of Castrum Guicardi, then changed in Ficardi.
Castelfidardo became Comune and, as other cities of Central Italy, took part to the fights between Guelfi and Ghibellines suffering th besiege by Federico Barbarossa in 1174 and the destruction by king Enzo in 1240. It passed to the Roman Church in 1281, became fief of Malatesta di Rimini and Sforza, it made part again of the Roman State in 1451 and here remained until the unification of Italy.
In September 18th 1860 Castelfidardo is the theatre of a decisive battle in the history of Italy between the Savoia army and the papal troops. With the victory of Savoia Marches passed to the Reign of Sardinia and then definitively to the new Italian State.

Several are the cultural stages of a visit to Castelfidardo: the S.Stefano Collegiata Church with a Baroque bell tower, built in year 1000 and then many times restored in subsequent centuries; the of S. Augustin church (1490) from where it can be enjoyed a nice panorama, the baroque Church of San Francesco, who passed here to teach its doctrine.
Between the examples of civil architecture we report the Palazzo Comunale ('500), Palazzo Mordini that accommodates the Museum of the Renaissance and Palazzo Soprani.

CASTELFIDARDO
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