FANO

Always connected to Rome through one of the main arteries of the Empire, the Flaminia way, Fano were founded by Umbri and known by the Romans with the name of Fanum Fortunae, for the presence of a temple dedicated to the goddess Fortune (207 a.C.) erected in commemoration of the battle of the Metauro in which Asdrubale, brother of Hannibal, lost the life and was defeated by the Romans.
The construction of the way Flaminia (220 a.C.) carried wealth and splendour to the city of Fano culminated in the imperial period that in fact has left several evicences in the city.
Destroyed by Goths in 538 d.C. and rebuilt by the Byzantin army commanded by Belisario it was subsequently conquered by Longobards and therefore by Charlemagne. Annexed to the Church in X century in obedience to Emperor Ottone III' wishes, became Comune in '200 and it knew the lordship of Estensi of Ferrara, the fight for the power between the Del Cassero and the Da Carignano families, the long lordship of the Malatesta of Rimini interrupted in 1463 from the besiege of the duke of Urbino Federico di Montefeltro recruited by the Pope.

Architectonic and historical symbol of Fano is the Arch of Augusto, very well conserved and miraculously escaped to the bombings that the city suffered during the Second World war. The Arch was erected in 9 d.C in the point in which the way Flaminia it enters in the city becoming its decumanus maximum. Moreover of the roman period remain remarkable extensions of original walls wanted by Augusto to defende the city.
Other cultural goals are the Rocca Malatestiana, offended by the bombings during the war, Porta della Mandria that opens along the Roman walls.

FANO
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Marches (Marche) region of Italy

 

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Art Cities in Marches
Ancona
Ascoli Piceno
Pesaro
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Camerino
Castelfidardo
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Falconara
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Jesi
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San Severino Marche
Sarnano
Senigallia
Sirolo
Tolentino
Torre San Patrizio
Treia
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