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SAN SEVERINO MARCHE

Even if the territory was inhabited since the the prehistoric age, San Severino Marche was founded around the VII or VI century b.C by Picens, as demonstrated through the recovery of three cemeteries in the vicinities of the village.

According to the memories of the ancient Roman historians instead, the first village was a colony founded by Sicilians with the name of Septempeda. In any case the lived one passed to Rome with the Sannitic wars and the defeat of the Italic people (III cent. a.C.) and became municipium increasing its importance.
The end of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of the invasions of populations of Barbarians who plundered the ancient Septempeda and induced the fugitive inhabitants to found S.Severino Marche on the top of the Monte Nero (Black Mount - VI cent. a.D.).
The present village made before part of the Reign of the Ostrogoths and the Byzantin Empire after the Greek-Gothic war who sanctioned the end of the presence of the Goths on the Italian territory.
It was then annexed to the Longobard Reign and therefore it returned to the Church after the invasion of Italy made by Franks commanded by Pipin the Short (752) and its son Charles the Great (774).
The Middle Ages saw the free Comune (Municipality) of S.Severino Marches side on the Ghibelline part, but the outcome of the conflict between Empire and Church brought to the power the Guelph family of Smeducci before and Sforza (1433-1445) then. The centuries XIV, XV and XVI will be remembered as those of maximum artistic and trading flourishing of Saint Severino Marche.
The city therefore returned for centuries under the direct control of the Pope, excluding the short Napoleonica paus, until its annexation to the Reign of Italy (1860).

Architectonic symbol of the city is Piazza del Popolo (People's Square), once stretch of the road bordering the medieval village and then increased and embellished with the construction of Nobles palaces and porticos.
Worthy of doing a walk in the so-called “Castle”, first medieval nucleus of the city, reachable through two doors opened along them medieval walls. It keeps the two towers of S.Severino: the Ghibelline bell tower and the bell tower of the old Chatedral (X sec.).

S.SEVERINO MARCHE
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Marches (Marche) region of Italy

 

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