The origins of Senigallia
are tied to the vicissitude of the Senones Gauls,
people coming from the zone of Marseilles, decreased in Italy
in the V sec. a.C occupying part of the territory under the
dominion of the Picens and founding their capital, Senigallia.
Conquered by the Romans with the battle of Sentino
(295 b.C.). became an important trading center
of the region. It knew the pillage by the Goths
commanded by Alarico (400 a.D.),
but flourished again under the dominion of the Byzantin
making part of the Esarcato of Ravenna.
After the conquests by Astolfo (751)
it passed for a short time under the Longobard dominion,
immediately interrupted by the invasion of Charle
the Great (773-774)
who managed to sweep away the Longobard Reign of central and
north Italy. As a result of these events Senigallia was donated
to the Church entering to make part of the
so-called Patrimonium Petri (Peter's property).
In the XII became free Comune (Municipality) siding on the
Church in the crash between Guelphs and Ghibellines. It became
Malatesta's and della Rovere's
fief under the Dukate of Urbino (1474). It was in this historical
period that were constructed the Palazzo Ducale
and the Rocca (Fortress), to defense of the
city threatened by the Turks.
In the '600 and '700 the
city knew a development period thanks to
its trading vocation and its port, one of
the most important of the Adriatic sea. Important under this
aspect also the “Fiera della Maddalena”
(Trade Fair) that makes it famous all over the world.
Senigallia is an art casket and it demonstrates it through
its greater monuments: the Rocca Roveresca,
constructed on previous fortifications daitng back to Roman
age. The Fontana in Piazza del Duca and Palazzo
Ducale and Palazzetto Baviera in
the same public square. Not to be missed a walk along Ercolani
Porticos, built up on the perimeter of the ancient
Between the religious buildings we remember the Chiesa
della Croce, the chiesa della Madonna,