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Rocca Roveresca - Senigallia This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Click the pic to see its description page and licensing.

SENIGALLIA

The origins of Senigallia are tied to the vicissitude of the Senones Gauls, people coming from the zone of Marseilles, decreased in Italy in the V sec. a.C occupying part of the territory under the dominion of the Picens and founding their capital, Senigallia.
Conquered by the Romans with the battle of Sentino (295 b.C.). became an important trading center of the region. It knew the pillage by the Goths commanded by Alarico (400 a.D.), but flourished again under the dominion of the Byzantin making part of the Esarcato of Ravenna.

After the conquests by Astolfo (751) it passed for a short time under the Longobard dominion, immediately interrupted by the invasion of Charle the Great (773-774) who managed to sweep away the Longobard Reign of central and north Italy. As a result of these events Senigallia was donated to the Church entering to make part of the so-called Patrimonium Petri (Peter's property).

In the XII became free Comune (Municipality) siding on the Church in the crash between Guelphs and Ghibellines. It became Malatesta's and della Rovere's fief under the Dukate of Urbino (1474). It was in this historical period that were constructed the Palazzo Ducale and the Rocca (Fortress), to defense of the city threatened by the Turks.
In the '600 and '700 the city knew a development period thanks to its trading vocation and its port, one of the most important of the Adriatic sea. Important under this aspect also the “Fiera della Maddalena” (Trade Fair) that makes it famous all over the world.

Senigallia is an art casket and it demonstrates it through its greater monuments: the Rocca Roveresca, constructed on previous fortifications daitng back to Roman age. The Fontana in Piazza del Duca and Palazzo Ducale and Palazzetto Baviera in the same public square. Not to be missed a walk along Ercolani Porticos, built up on the perimeter of the ancient walls.
Between the religious buildings we remember the Chiesa della Croce, the chiesa della Madonna, the Cathedral.

SENIGALLIA
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