Duomo - Urbino

URBINO

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The Ducal Palace is the main monument of Urbino: characterized by the two facades (one in the Square – in 15th Century style – and one that looks towards the valley, daringly constructed and projecting out of the rock – in a style which brings to mind traces of oriental architecture, thanks to the two “torricini” (little towers); begun a little after 1450, due to the initiative of Duke Federico da Montefeltro (there are famous, profile portraits of the Duke and his wife, Battista Sforza - preserved today in the Uffizi (Gallery or Offices) of Florence – a work of Piero della Francesca, his court artist), regarding the remainder of the ancient stronghold, the following people were involved in its realization and successive phases, but their efforts are immeasurable, unknown and indefinable in terms of what they contributed: Luciano Laurana (1468-1472), Francesco di Giorgio Martini and a long time afterwards, (1563) Girolamo Genga, who added a floor to the construction.
The Courtyards of the Palace are also famous, in particular the so called Cortile d’Onore (Honour Courtyard): one of the most perfect architectural accomplishments of the 15th Century.

The interior of the Palace, only partly preserves works carried out by numerous artists who worked for Duke Federico: the Communione degli Apostoli (Communion of the Apostles) by Giusto di Gand is one of them, as well as a part of the paintings of the Illustrious Men, which was painted by Fiammingo, together with the Spanish artist, Pedro Berruguete, in the Little Ducal Study, refined environment, which still maintains today, its famous marquetry decorative lines with perspective effects, probably carried out by B. Pontelli over designs of various artists - definitely amongst which, Botticelli and Francesco di Giorgio Martini. The following sculptural decorations date back to the same period by Ambrogio da Milano and Domenico Rosselli, whilst the residence in Urbino of Piero della Francesca remains documented in the Palace collection, in the form of tablets depicting the Flagellation of Christ and the Madonna of Senigallia. Bramante has been attributed the two small Sacelli delle Muse (Sacella of the Muse) and del Perdono (of Forgiveness), which can also be found inside the Palace.

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MARCHES
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Marches (Marche) region of Italy
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