Archaelogical site of Sabucina
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CALTANISSETTA

The name Caltanissetta derives from the Arabic etymon Qal'à Nissa, which means “Women’s Castle.”
A nearby locality called Nissa already existed, identified through ruins found at the archaeological site of Gibil Gab-ib.
The territory and castle passed under Norman domination under Ruggero I of Sicily, around 1087, who were slowly conquering the region from the Arabs. The king had a private feud and founded the Priorship of San Giovanni.
In the 14th Century, Caltanissetta was the centre of a clash between the Ventimiglia and the Chiaramonte families, whilst during the subsequent century (1407), it passed into the hands of the Moncada di Paternò family who resisted until the end of 1812.
After participating in the revolutionary uprisings of 1848, the City was annexed to the Reign of Italy in 1860.
It then saw strong economic development due to the capillary presence of the mining industry throughout the territory.
A visit in this city to the Duomo (1570-1622), S. Sebastiano and S. Agata (1605), S. Domenico (14th Century), which can be found in the medieval quarter of S. Francesco, should not be missed.
Palazzo Moncade (1635) and Palazzo Vescovile (19th Century) are also worth visiting.
Every year, during Saints Week in Caltanissetta, celebrations begin Wednesday and proceed with various and very colourful processions right up until the night of Good Friday.

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