Megara Hyblaea - Sicily
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MEGARA IBLEA

According to the Greek historian Tucidide, we know that the City of Megara Iblea was founded in 728 BC by some of the Greek colonies from Mégaride. The City’s name derives from the motherland and is associated with Hyblone, the Sicilian king who gave the Megarese permission to construct Megara Hyblaea on this site.
After around 100 years, the inhabitants founded the City of Selinunte to the West.

The City enjoyed a period of great splendour during the 6th Century, which was interrupted by a siege and the destruction by the hands of the tyrant of Syracuse, Gelone (483BC). A defence castle was built instead on the site, to defend against the disastrous shipment of the Athenians in Sicily (Syracuse 415-413) against Syracuse.
Megara Iblea was then rebuilt by the Greek army leader, Timoleonte in 340 BC, and became a Syracuse colony. It was encircled by walls to defend itself against the arrival of the Romans, to whom it yielded its power during the Second Punic War, when it was besieged and destroyed by the Consul Marcello.

Megara Hyblae floated in history as a Roman centre until the end of the 6th Century AD.

Today, one can visit the Hellenistic walls, the remains of the Agora (public square) with its two arcades, the Hellenistic baths, the Heroon (a tomb dedicated to heroes), the Era Temple and the remains of houses and foundations of an archaic temple.

MEGARA IBLEA
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Sicily region, Island of Italy

 

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