Cattedrale - Termini Imerese
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TERMINI IMERESE

Along the Northern coast of Sicily, in the stretch that goes between Palermo and Cafalù, is where one will find Termini Imerese, sloping gently towards the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Its name derives from the presence of thermal sources which were exploited in the past.
In ancient times it was known by the name of Thermai Himeraìai (Thermae Himerenses by the Romans). Its origins are connected to the battle between the Carthaginians and the Syracusans during the 4th Century BC, after an initial success by the Greeks in 480 BC, with the Battle of Imera, the Carthaginians completely destroyed the City in 409 BC. The inhabitants were deported as prisoners to Africa, but later given the possibility to return to their homeland and live in Thermai, which was founded by the Carthaginians in 407 BC.
However, the City participated on behalf of the Greek faction during the successive fights between the Greeks and the Carthaginians during the 4th Century BC, until the moment it passed hands to the Romans in 253 BC, after the First Punic War, becoming a civitas decumana (Decuman City). Under the Romans, the city enjoyed a period of urban town-planning development, during which its thermal waters were heavily exploited. Termini then became a Episcopal seat.
It passed to the Byzantines throughout the 6th, 7th and 8th Centuries, whilst awaiting the arrival of the Arabs, who gave new energy to the City and constructed a City wall.
It passed hands to the Normans in the 11th Century, becoming a governing City. They heavily fortifyied it by constructing city walls and a castle.
In 1535, the Emperor Charles 5th stayed there, and installed a new surrounding wall, of which no trace remains.
Termini therefore became a point of arrival and embarkation of grain, guaranteeing its wealth until the 20th Century.
The ancient Roman City is identified with the higher part of todays Termini Imerese, where one can recognise the main elements: the forum (today’s Piazza Duomo), the Cardo and the Decuman.
Not too far from the City, one can find the remains of the Roman Aqueduct.
Places of interest to visit in the City: the Church of S. Maria di Gesù (1472) and San Nicola di Bari, and the Duomo of Termini.

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