TINDARI

Along the Northern coast of Sicily, not to far from Milazzo and Messina, one can visit the archaeological digs of Tindari (Tyndaris), last of the Greek colonies.
It was founded by Dionysius I (Dionysius the Elder) of Syracuse in 396 BC, and became the native land of mercenaries who had fought against Carthage.
During the First Punic War, it had to accept the appropriation of Carthaginian troops, called by the Mamertini of Messina. For this reason, it was the stage for a naval battle between Rome and Carthage, the Battle of Tindari (Tyndaris) in 257 BC, in which the Romans prevailed.
Passed over to Roman hands, Tyndaris became the base of the fleet of Sesto Pompeo (Sextus Pompeius), son of Pompeo Magno (Pompeius Magnus), which fought in Sicily against Augustus and were defeated in the naval Battle of Nauloco (36BC).
Tyndaris meanwhile prospered and became nobilissima civitas, until the end of the first century AD, when a landslide caused part of the City to fall into the sea. It became an Episcopal seat and was hit by earthquakes in the 4th Century.
After the Barbaric invasion era and the dominion of the Goths, the City was integrated into the Byzantine dominion in 535. Its destruction came about by the Arabs in 836.
Tyndaris was re-discovered in the 19th Century and its enlargement explored during the course of the 20th Century. Statues and mosaics were discovered and are now preserved in the local Museum or the Regional Archaeological Museum of Palermo.
On the site, one can still admire the defensive walls which are well preserved and date back to the III Century BC, the Basilica from late Imperial times, with its intact columns and vaults preserved on the first floor, a thermal building with precious flooring and mosaics.
Every year since 1956, a theatre which was constructed at the end of the 4th Century BC, hosts a dance, music and theatrical festival.

TINDARI
Archaeological Site

Sicily region, Island of Italy

 

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