AREZZO

The territory of Arezzo includes part of the Appenines Tosco-Emiliano (Alpe della Luna, Alpe di Catenaia, Pratomagno) and of Chianti, higher Val Tiberina, Casentino, part of the Upper Valdarno and Val di Chiana: it is worth mentioning that these are some of the most flourishing territories for wine production, famous worldwide, as well as being areas of incomparable natural beauty, much loved by those who prefer a non wasted holiday, but an intelligent and aware or conscious one.

Already a permanent prehistoric seat belonging to the Dodecapoli Estrucan (Arrentium), then a Roman colony (1st Century BC), noted for the production of ceramics: from an evidential point of view, there is almost nothing from this ancient era, apart from that regarding the remains of the Roman Amphitheatre. A Free Council in the 11th Century, it reached noteworthy economic development at the beginning of the 14th Century: it was in this period when testimony can be found, in the form of the most important City monuments, like the Pieve di S. Maria, the Cathedral, S. Domenico, the Communal Building and the Case-Torri (Tower Houses).
Defeated by the Florentine Guelphs at Campaldino (1289), overwhelmed by the feuds of 1380 between the Ubertini and Tarlati, the City handed itself over to Carlo d’Angio, Duke of Durazzo, who then sold it on to Florence. Also in this period, Arezzo experienced a noteworthy artistic development: in fact, during the Renaissance era, architects like Giuliano da Sangallo and Giorgio Vasari were active in the City, and also the superb artist, Piero della Francesca.

The urban structure of the City is compact and well preserved, especially concerning the historical centre, and follows a semi-circular plan, sloping down towards the square, to the height of the Cathedral,. On the medieval system, by nature a little tortuous, the Renaissance presence is engraved in the form of larger, scenographical roads.
The hill of the Cathedral, almost like an old acropolis, dominates the City, embellished not only by architectonic monuments, but also by beautiful public gardens called Passeggio del Prato, dating back to the Medici period. The Cathedral (13th-14th Centuries) is a grandiose Gothic building, later completed during the 1500’s (the façade, though, is a modern reconstruction, as well as the Clock Tower, which is from 1859); the interior is enriched with funerary monuments from the 1300’s and by the presence of pictorial works; amongst which a fresco by Piero della Francesca.

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