The Palazzo dei Consoli is
a splendid example of 14th Century architecture, attributed
to Matteo Gattapone: a severe bulky building adorned by a
lovely entrance with elegant windows and a deep loggia, overhung
by an agile embattled turret. The aspect of the Palazzo Pretorio
by Gattapone, is just as splendid, as is the Palazzo of Bargello
with its typical bulky dimensions.
Guido Palmerucci, industrious during the 16th Century, personalized
interpreter of the style of Pietro Lorenzetti, is the first
notable and well known Eugubine artist; he varied the late-Gothic
figurative language of Ottaviano Nelli who in turn is remembered
for his beautiful Madonna del Belvedere in Santa Maria Nova
and the frescoes in the apsides of Sant’Agostino.
The Renaissance is testified in Gubbio, much loved City of
the Montefeltro family, by the Ducal Palace, which was also
gravely damaged by earth tremors. It has a stupendous Cortile
d’onore (Courtyard of Honour), which connects to the
pre-existing nucleus. It’s the work of Francesco di
Giorigo Martini. There is also the infamous “Studiolo”
(Little Study) by Federico, realized some years later than
that of Urbino. It was inspired, with its inlays trompe-l'
oeil, by an unexcelled virtuosity. Today it has been reconstructed
in the Metropolitan Museum of New York. At the end of the
15th Century and in the 16th Century, Gubbio saw an extraordinary
development in Ceramic Art, true prestigious painting, with
iridescent strips of gold and ruby red; the technique is an
imitation of an ancient Islamic process which was widespread
in Spain. It was imported into the City by the Deruta. Mastro
Giorgio, an exceptional artist, elaborated and refined the
technique, transforming it into an attribute of figures, a
type of the Istoriati ones. He distinguished this technique
to such a point that Majolica was sent to Gubbio by numerous
Central Italian factories to have it polished.
In the Consoli building, visitors can visit the seat of the
Archaeological Museum (which contains money minted in Gubbio
during the Umbria/Roman era and the famous Eugubine Table)
and the Art Gallery, which collected paintings by Umbrian
artists from the 14th Century (Virgin with Child by Palmerucci)
and from the 16th Century (Virgin of Mercy/Compassion by Sinibaldo
Ibi), 14th Century relics in glass and gold graffiti, ceramics
and sacred vestments.