PERUGIA

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From an artistic point of view, there are very few finds from the initial period: (Sarcophagus from the 4th Century BC), instead, a large part of the Etruscan wall has been conserved in travertine blocks, for approximately 3 km’s along the perimeter, containing many open doorways (Arco della Mandorla, Porta di San Luca, Porta Sole, Porta di Sant’Ercolano).
Amongst the rest, the one known as Arco Etrusco or Arco di Augusto is notable, together with the remains of the Porta Marzia, also dating back to around the III-II Century BC, included in the Rocca Paolina bastion.

The vast necropolises, of the (Santa Caterina Vecchia, Sperandio, Monteluce, Monterone and San Costanzo) are of particular interest, and l'ipogeo dei Volumni uncovered in the locality of the Palazzone. The plans of the tomb, dug out in the rock, imitate the plans of an Etruscan habitation. The restoration should also be cited, as it allowed the subsoil of Piazza Piccinino to be utlized, as a huge Etruscan well was dug out of volcanic tuff, 37 metres deep and around 5 metres in diameter: it’s probably the most ancient well which was constructed in the Etruscan City, and used as a cistern in the interior of the fortified rock. The National Archaeological Museum of Umbria, distinct in its Etruscan-Roman and pre-historic sections, preserves a notable quantity of archaeological finds from the whole area.

The most important monuments from the medieval era are the Church of Sant’Angelo, a circular building from the V-VI centuries, Sand Pietro, constructed around 1000, with Renaissance adaptations (the tower is from 1468). During the communal era there was a general artistic revival, with purely significant examples like the Palazzo dei Priori (1293-1443), a marvellous example of civil Gothic architecture, which today hosts the National Gallery of Umbria, the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, begun around the mid 14th Century. But the most famous monument of this period is the Fonte Maggiore (in the centre of the main City square), work of Nicola Pisano and his son Giovani.

The Renaissance began in 1423 with the Loggia di Braccio Fortebracci, but was affirmed by Agostino di Duccio from Florence, author of the Oratorio di San Bernardino, notable mostly for its plastic decoration, and the Porta San Pietro.

The presence and activity of Tuscan artists in Perugia, from halfway through the century, gave life to the pictorial school of Umbria: the main protagonists of this renewal were Perugino (whose most famous work in the City was a series of frescoes in the Collegio del Cambio, which also saw some participation from his student, Raffaello) and Pinturicchio.

Another notable museum, other than the aforementioned National Gallery of Umbria in Palazzo dei Priori, is the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo (Museum containing works from the Cathedral), with paintings from the Umbrian School and numerous objects and manuscripts which come from the Cathedral.

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PERUGIA
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Umbria region of Italy

 

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Art Cities in Umbria
Perugia
Terni
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Assisi
Bevagna
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Castiglione del Lago
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Città di Castello
Deruta
Foligno
Gualdo Tadino
Gubbio
Magione
Marsciano
Montefalco
Narni
Nocera Umbra
Norcia
Orvieto
Spello
Spoleto
Todi
Trevi
Umbertide

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