RAVENNA

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The Ursiana Basilica dates back to the beginning of the 5th Century. Its name comes from the fact that Bishop Sant’Orso had it built; it was entirely rebuilt in 1743 (and is the present day Cathedral). Within the Cesarea city, Galla Placidia, he had the Church of San Giovanni Evangelista (St. John the Baptist) built.
You can also find the so called Galla Placidia Mausoleum in the area of the Domus Augusta, which was originally adjacent to the narthex of Santa Croce. In 451-460 the Orthodox or Neoniano Baptistery was built next to the Ursiana Cathedral. Under Teodorico domination (6th Century); the Aryans erected their buildings next to the nucleus of the Catholic faith: the Cathedral of San Teodoro, now Church of the Holy Spirit (reconstructed in the 16th Century) and the Octagonal Baptistery (known as that of the Aryans). Teodorico also had, the Cathedral of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, built.
The Teodoriciana City’s territory ended to the east of the Coriandro field, where the Mausoleum was erected and dedicated to Teodorico. Under the Amalasunta reign, construction began on the San Vitale, which was consecrated in 547 and completed after the Gothic war. In 549, the Cathedral of Sant’Apollinare in Classe was consecrated. All the sacred buildings mentioned herein, all contain splendid examples of mosaic art. Ravenna could therefore be considered amongst the major European centres for examples of ancient mosaics, their restoration and also of their contemporary production. The following are also worth mentioning: the Communal Building and the Palazzetto Veneto (15th Century), the Archiepiscopal Museum (with its ivory chair by Massimiano, 6th Century), the Academy of Beautiful Art (containing the statue by G. Guidarelli of T. Lombardo).
The construction of Dante’s tomb, by Camillo Morigia, dates back to the 18th Century.

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RAVENNA
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Emilia Romagna region of Italy
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