CORFINIO

Corfinium was the ancient capital of Peligni, people with Illiric origin or derived by the ritual Sabino of the Ver Sacrum (sacred Spring): young people with springtime was obligate to migrate in order to found other cities.
Corfinio was at first adverse to the crescent power of Rome but after its annexation to the republic (III sec. a.C.) fought to its side against Pirro, Gaul people and Hannibal.
Corfinio lived the singular episode of being besieged by Giulio Cesar. In 49 a.C, coming back from the Gaulish War, declared public enemy by Senate, Cesar crossed the Rubicone and reached Corfinio where Roman general Enobarbo was stationed with the troops faithful to Pompeo. With the escape of the general the city surrendered to Cesar who did not inflict them any punishment.
After the fall of Rome Corfinio suffered the devastations of Goths (552 d.C.) and Longobards (682) and made part of the Ducato di Spoleto. Around the half of the IX sec., it was annexed to the County of the Marsi.
Subsequently it suffered the attack of Saraceni (881) and Ungari (937). Passed under the control of the Roman church it was then besieged and conquered by the Normanni.

The archaeological visit of Corfinio passes for the “murgèine”, that is stones, rests funeral monuments dating back to the II sec. d.C and for the diggings Saint Giacomo zone, of Sant' Ippolito and the Sacred Via.
In the city can be visited the Basilica of S.Alessandro (1075) whose apse accommodates an altar and two frescoes (1300).
It's worthy of visiting not far from the village the Romanesque Basilica of S.Pelino (or Valvense) built in XI-XII centuries on the ruins of a previous church and a pagan temple.

CORFINIO
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Abruzzo region of Italy

 

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