Trulli di Alberobello
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ALBEROBELLO

Known throughout the world for the characteristics of its habitation. In 1996 Alberobello became a UNESCO World Heritage of Humanity site.

Alberobello was founded during the second half of the 16th Century, when some farmers were authorised by the Feudal Acquaviva Family, Counts of Conversano, to construct their habitation.
The dwellings, known throughout the world by the name of Trulli, were dry constructed (without mortar) in order to avoid taxes which were due under the 'Prammatica de Baronibus', a structure that called for a royal commission to check out new city developments firsthand and assign appropriate levies. For this reason, during royal visits, it is said that the entire habitation was dismantled during the night, only to be reconstructed after the royals departure.
It was only after two centuries that the citizens, who were sent to Taranto by King Ferdinando Vth, were able in 1797 to obtain the proclamation of Alberobello as a state monopoly, therefore allowing the use of mortar during the construction process.
The Trulli of Alberobello can be recognised from afar by their characteristic aspect, similar to petrified tents embellished with decorative pinnacles which declared the skills of the craftsman to rank the family that lived there.
In its oldest areas, Alberobello is divided into two districts. Monti and Aia Piccola – two hills divided by a river. At the top of the first hill, one can visit the Church of Saint Anthony, also constructed in Trullo form, with a large 21 metre dome and a Greek cross layout.
One can visit the Trullo Sovrano in the City, which was constructed during the 18th century by the Perta Family. Today it is a museum seat, a site for cultural encounters and musical events during the summer period.

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