S.Agostino - Andria
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ANDRIA

Andros is the name that the mythical hero Diomedes (Tideo) gave to the city he founded, but Andria probably has multiple origins: Greek by the name of Netion, or apostolic due to the presence on its territory of Saint Andrea.

Definitely during Roman times, Andria linked its development to the presence of Via Traiana and the nearby and more influential Trani.
After the Barbaric invasions (5th Century AD) and that of the Ostrogoth Reign (476-535), Andria, as with all of Puglia, passed into Byzantine hands and became a main seat for the Basilian Monk Community, known as Andre.
It remained a small community until 1046, the year in which Count Peter the Norman conquered it and put up defensive walls containing 12 towers. The City took shape and became an important Duchy under the rule of his son, Count Peter II.
In the successive century, Andria became a episcopal seat, and therefore after passing hands to the Swabians, became very important due to the presence of Emperor Federick II in neighbouring Castel del Monte. Andria then enjoyed a period of development, thanks to special fiscal exemptions in exchange for a strong devotion to Federick the Great’s power, therefore deserving of the title of Fidelis.
The Angioini brought about the fall of the Swabians (13th Century) and gave the City as a dowry for Beatrice, daughter of Charles II of Angiò, who married Bertrando del Balzo. The union gave the governing of the City over to his family for two centuries until 28th November 1486, when Isabella del Balzo married King Federick of Aragon, future King of Naples.
In 1552, Andria was handed over to the Carafa Family, under which it remained until the advent of the Napoleonic Italian Campaigns (1799). They brought Republican ideals with them and for a while gave hope of increased rights, even for the poorer classes. Andria, however, remained faithful to Federick IVth of Naples and suffered siege at the hands of French troops. For this reason it deserves the title of Royal City. After the Renaissance uprisings, it passed permanently under the Reign of Italy (1860).
In Andria on can visit the Cattedrale dell'Assunta (Assumption Cathedral – 12th Century) with its 7th Century Crypt belonging to the previous High Medieval period building, where the remains of Isabella of England and Jolanda of Brienne, wives of the Emperor Federick II of Swabia are kept.
There are many other Romanesque architectural religious testimonies in the City, amongst which: the Church of Sant'Agostino (Saint Augustine – 13th Century) which was constructed by the Teutonic Knights. (The church was later handed over to the Benedictines, and rebuilt by the Augustinians after the sieges of 1350); the Church of S. Croce (10th Century), S. Nicola, the Church of Saint Frances and the Cloister (12th Century).
Apart from the Palazzo Ducale (restored by the Carafa Family during the 16th Century), be sure not to miss the Palazzo Vescovile (Episcopal Building).
Closet to Andria is where you will find the beautiful Castel del Monte, decreed a UNESCO World Heritage of Humanity site in 1996.

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ANDRIA
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