Cathedral - Bovino
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BOVINO

Bovino is a coffer of art, extending over three hills of the Sub-Apennine Dauno, over two of which spreads the Castello Ducale (Ducal Castle).

The centre has ancient origins being founded by the Daunii in 323 BC. It was destroyed for its opposition to Rome and then re-founded, given the name of Vibinum. It was firstly subject of the Republic then the Roman Empire.
During the Imperial era, Vibinum was enriched by a forum, amphitheatre, thermal baths and two temples dedicated to Apollo and Hercules.
After being scourged by Barbaric invasions, Bovino became part of the Ostrogoth Reign until 535 AD and then entered under the Longobard Reign during the 7th Century.
Due to its geographical position, it was the centre of clashes between the Longobards and Byzantines, who destroyed it in 663, causing grave losses to its ancient artistic patrimony.
It flourished under the Byzantines in ‘876 when its walls were constructed, allowing Bovino to become a imperial stronghold.
It was the turn of the Saracens, in 967, who had conquered neighbouring Sicily during the 9th Century, to invade, pillage and destroy the Byzantine territory.
It was once again destroyed in 1043 by Drogone, Guglielmo of Altavilla’s brother, who then immediately re-founded it and built the Norman Castle.
With the advent of the Swabians (1194), the Cathedral was built and Bovino enjoyed a period of development, which continued under French and Angioini domination, the latter then gave it over to Estendardo domination.
Numerous noble families lived here, among which the Spanish Guevara’s, who during the 16th Century, amplified the Norman Castle.
In 1734 it passed under Bourbon domination, together with the rest of Southern Italy, which was taken from the Hapsburgs after the Battle of Bitonto.
After the period when it was part of the Republic of Bonaparte, which ended in 1815, Bovino returned to the Bourbons until its unification to the Reign of Italy (1860).
Bovino as a region, is considered as one of the most beautiful historical centres of Italy. Its perimeters still has traces of the ancient Roman Vibinum.
It has many monuments including a Cathedral which was built in 1231 by the master Zano from Gaul, who gave it its primitive Gothic style that inaugurated the season of Romanesque architecture in Puglia. The most beautiful ancient church in Bovino, however, is that of S. Peter (1099).
Other religious buildings include: The Church of Saint Francis (1427), Saint Anthony (1618) and the Church of the Carmine (built by the Jesuits in the 1600s). Another symbol of the City is the Ducal Castle with its Norman towers. It was constructed during the 11th Century and amplified by the Swabians. During the 16th Century, it was then transformed by the Dukes of Guevara into one of the most beautiful Southern noble dwellings.
Bovino is known as the city of 800 stone portals, which embellish all its private habitations.
In the historical Portella quarter, one can still enjoy traces of the Roman wall. Here one can also visit the Chiesa dell'Annunziata (Church of the Annunciation) with its Renaissance stone portal.

BOVINO
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Puglia (Apulia) region of Italy

 

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