TROIA

Troia would have been identified with ancient Aecae, situated along the Via Appia (Appian Way) route which linked Benevento to Foggia.

The City also has a mythological foundation concerning the Greek hero Diomedes as well as the experience of being conquered by the Carthaginian leader Hannibal after the victory at Canne (Cannae) against the Romans. At the time, the City was called Aika.
However, the old centre was almost in ruins due to numerous wars which characterised the entire High Medieval period, when Basilio Boioannes decided to rebuild the City by the name of Troia (1019).
It immediately became an Episcopal Seat (1031) and important religious centre linked to the Papal politics of Rome.
Troia opposed the arrival of the Normans, obligating Robert Guiscard to make a pact with them.
Robert however, began construction of the Castle, the defensive walls and the splendid Romanesque Cathedral of Troia (completed in 1127).
In 1133, it was one of the cities hostile to Norman politics and was destroyed by Ruggero II.
With the advent of the Swabians to power (1194), the contrast between Papal and Imperial power heightened due to the laic politics of Federick II. Italy was divided in two and Troia radically accepted the Guelph side, linked to the Pope. This cost the City besiegement, plunder and partial destruction of its walls during 1229.
This period saw the presence of the Templar Knights who had their own seat in Troia beginning from 1195.
The advent of the Angioini (1266) who descended in Italy after being recalled by the Pope to vanquish the Swabians, brought luck to the City and led Troia once more to a being a powerful religious centre of Puglia.
Troia conserves a Romanesque gem of Puglia and Italy: the Cathedral dedicated to the Assumption. It was built between 1096 and 1127 on a previous church dedicated to S. Maria.
One can visit the Diocesan Museum situated in front of the Cathedral and admire Palazzo Vescovile (Episcopal Building - 1777).
Another gem that Troia offers visitors is the S. Basilio Church, of ancient foundation, which first appeared in a document of 1087.

TROIA
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Puglia (Apulia) region of Italy

 

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