ACERRA

Founded probably by Ausoni, italic people of Southern Italy, assumed the name Akeru under the Oscian and therefore it passed under the domination of Etruscans making part of the Dodecapoli.

Later on it was conquered by Samnites who held it until the IV cent. when, with the Samnite Wars, Rome began the conquest of all the territory of the Italian peninsula.

Faithful to Rome during the Punic Wars, it was besieged by Hannibal (216 BC) who partially destroyed it. Reconstructed, it knew a period of development until the Civil Wars during which it rebelled against the central power and it was newly besieged by Papio Mutilo (89 BC).
Augusto then gave it in prize to the veterans taking away every autonomy (22 BC).
After the invasions of the Goths and Vandals, Acerra made part of the Ostrogoth Reign then overthrew from Byzantium with the war Gothic War (535-553).
Under the Longobards it was constructed a castle (826) in the city, then destroyed by Bono, Duke of Naples. Saracens carried again destruction in 881.
With the advent of the Normans and the Svevian Acerra was governed by various lords among whom Tommaso D' Aquino.
Under Angioins and Aragons Origlia and del Balzo Orsini followed each other, count Federico of Aragon and from 1496 the De Cardenas who held it until 1812.

Many are the churches in Nola between which we like to cite: the Cathedral, risen on a temple dedicated to Hercules, the Church of Corpus Dominis, the Annunziata Church (XV cent.).

The Baron's Castle, destroyed in 834 and witness of great part of the Acerra's history, is today a center of numerous museums.

In the vicinities it is moreover possible to visit the Archaeological area of Suessula, pre-Roman locality.

Acerra has given the birth to the famous mask of Pulcinella.

ACERRA
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Campania region of Italy

 

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