Founded probably by Ausoni,
italic people of Southern Italy, assumed the name Akeru
under the Oscian and therefore it passed
under the domination of Etruscans making
part of the Dodecapoli.
Later on it was conquered by Samnites who
held it until the IV cent. when, with the Samnite Wars, Rome
began the conquest of all the territory of the Italian peninsula.
Faithful to Rome
during the Punic Wars, it was besieged by Hannibal
(216 BC) who partially destroyed it. Reconstructed, it knew
a period of development until the Civil Wars
during which it rebelled against the central power and it
was newly besieged by Papio Mutilo (89 BC).
Augusto then gave it in prize to the veterans
taking away every autonomy (22 BC).
After the invasions of the Goths and Vandals, Acerra made
part of the Ostrogoth Reign then overthrew from Byzantium
with the war Gothic War (535-553).
Under the Longobards it was constructed a
castle (826) in the city, then destroyed
by Bono, Duke of Naples. Saracens carried
again destruction in 881.
With the advent of the Normans and the Svevian
Acerra was governed by various lords among whom Tommaso D'
Under Angioins and Aragons
Origlia and del Balzo Orsini followed each other, count Federico
of Aragon and from 1496 the De Cardenas who
held it until 1812.
Many are the churches in Nola between which we like to cite:
the Cathedral, risen on a temple dedicated
to Hercules, the Church of Corpus Dominis, the Annunziata
Church (XV cent.).
The Baron's Castle, destroyed in 834 and
witness of great part of the Acerra's history, is today a
center of numerous museums.
In the vicinities it is moreover possible to visit the Archaeological
area of Suessula, pre-Roman locality.
Acerra has given the birth to the famous mask of Pulcinella.