ERCOLANO

According to the legend, Herculaneum was founded right on the sea some 3000 years ago by Hercules on the southern slope of Mount Vesuvius, while he was coming back from Spain where he made one of his effort.

Probably, historically speaking, Ercolano was founded by Oscan (an italic people) in VIII century and later passed under both thew Etruscan and Samnite dominions. As Pompeii under the Romans was know as an appreaciated seaside resort.

Ercolano
too was destroyed by Vesuvius on 79 a.D. but while Pompeii was buried by ashes, Erculaneum was drowned by piroclastic fluxes that sealed the old town under more than 20 metres of mud which dried as hard as the rock. All the citizens of Herculaneum were suffocated to death by poisonous fumes.

Ercolano was the first site to be found in the early XVIIIth century by Prince d'Elboeuf while his men were digging a deep well on his land and ended on the stage of the ancient theatre.
Differences and peculiarities of Ercolano respect to Pompeii, make it as important and unique at the same time.

ERCOLANO
Archaeological Site

Campania region of Italy

 

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