ELEA

The archaeological ruins of Elea-Velia are located on the Cilento Coast, approximately 90 km to the south of Salerno.

The city was founded by Phocians, came to Italy from Asia Minor as a result of Persian conquests (545 a.C) of Ciro the Great, with the name of Hyele later transformed in Elea. Immediately fortified it allowed its inhabitants to develop thanks to the maritime commerce and fishing.
It gave the birth illustrious personages as philosophers Parmenide, Zenone, Melisso di Samo and Senofane di Colofone, that subsequently founded the “eleatic school” and interlaced relationships with Atene and Socrate.

Its ancient history sees fightings with the neighbor Paestum and the people living in Central Italy until its conquest by the Romans who gave to it the name Velia.
It later became episcopal center but the lowered of the gorund of its ports, probably due to bradyseism, and the frequent invasions of Saracens cause a progressive decline that determined its abandonment (VIII sec. AD).

The visit of Velia gives sure emotions for the integrity of some parts and for the characteristic technical used by its ancient inhabitants. After the entry there're the archaic policrome walls and two square towers that leave space to the rooms where it can be admired pavements to mosaic.
In the area there're also the rests of a theatre and the Roman and Greek terms and the nice Pink Door.

ELEA
Archaeological Site

Campania region of Italy

 

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