is patrimony of the humanity recognized by
the Unesco from the 1988 and one of the most evocative archaeological
park in Italy.
The city was founded, following the Strabone historian, by
the Greeks coming from Sibari around the
600 BC with the name of Poseidonia
becoming soon an important trading port.
Conquered by Lucanians in 400 BC and therefore
by the Greek Alexander the Molosso (335-331) became against
its will a Roman colony in 273 BC with the
name of Paestum.
With the fall of the Roman Empire it began the decline
of the city together with the opening of new trading
ways in the East, that took away importance to Paestum, and
for malarial epidemics and Saracens' (IX
cent. AD) and Normans' invasions. Its inhabitants
abandoned it founding Capaccio.
The city, after the rediscovered in 1762,
became soon a goal of the Grand Tour and was visited by many
men of letters between which Goethe (1787).
Paestum is archaeological site of rare beauty
dominated by its three large Doric style temples: the Basilica
or Temple of Hera (540 a.C.), the Temple of Atena (500 a.C.),
the Temple of Poseidon.
Important also some publics buildings of Roman age between
which we cite the Comitium.
In the area has been recovered also one Lucanian necropolis
(V sec. a.C.).