PAESTUM

Paestum is patrimony of the humanity recognized by the Unesco from the 1988 and one of the most evocative archaeological park in Italy.

The city was founded, following the Strabone historian, by the Greeks coming from Sibari around the 600 BC with the name of Poseidonia becoming soon an important trading port.
Conquered by Lucanians in 400 BC and therefore by the Greek Alexander the Molosso (335-331) became against its will a Roman colony in 273 BC with the name of Paestum.
With the fall of the Roman Empire it began the decline of the city together with the opening of new trading ways in the East, that took away importance to Paestum, and for malarial epidemics and Saracens' (IX cent. AD) and Normans' invasions. Its inhabitants abandoned it founding Capaccio.

The city, after the rediscovered in 1762, became soon a goal of the Grand Tour and was visited by many men of letters between which Goethe (1787).

Paestum is archaeological site of rare beauty dominated by its three large Doric style temples: the Basilica or Temple of Hera (540 a.C.), the Temple of Atena (500 a.C.), the Temple of Poseidon.
Important also some publics buildings of Roman age between which we cite the Comitium.
In the area has been recovered also one Lucanian necropolis (V sec. a.C.).

PAESTUM
Archaeological Site

Campania region of Italy

 

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