RAVELLO

The devastation of the barbaric invasions, that fell on Italy during the V century AD as a result of the decline of the Western Roman Empire, in this zone had at least the merit to provoke the foundation of Ravello by part of the fugitive citizens coming from the coasts and the capital Rome. Here arrived several noble families of Romans who with the construction of palaces and defensives walls formed the first nucleus of Ravello.

The city reached its maximum splendor between the X and the XII century becoming episcopal center in 1083 and following the commercial development of the neighbor Amalfi.
Plundered by the Pisans in 1135 Ravello then knew a period of decline that lasted until the XVII century when it came riscoperta and included like important goal between the travellers of the age.

Here in the second half of the XIX century arrived also Richard Wagner, taking inspiration in order to compose some its works and making to be born a strong tie of Ravello with the music renewed also with the visits in the last centuries of Giuseppe Verdi and Arturo Toscanini and with the presence of a Ravello Festival: show of classic music, visual and cinematographic art that is kept every year at Villa Rufolo.

In Ravello is enough the place and the splendid panorama on the Tyrrhenian sea in order to enjoy remarkable emotions.
It is moreover possible to visit the Franciscan Complex with annexed an important library, founded by the same saint in visit to Ravello and Amalfi in the XIII century and the churches of Santa Maria a Gradillo (XI sec.), of San Giovanni del Toro (XI cent.) and the Annunziata one.

Villa Rufolo, once extended until the sea, also deserves a visit. Today is the seat of the European University Center for the Cultural Heritage and the stage for important concerts dedicated to Wagner.

RAVELLO
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Campania region of Italy

 

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