SALERNO

Main city of Campania region, Salerno rises on the splendid gulf to which it gives the name.

Its origin is connected to the first Greek communities arrived in Italy in the VIII cent BC as a result of the Messenian Wars or to the presence of Etruscans that would have founded a center with the name of Irna.
The city passed then to the Romans in 276 BC with the victory on the alloy of the Italic people during the Samnite Wars and subsequently, unlike other cities of the region, he remained faithful to Rome during the Punic Wars guaranteeing to itself many rights for fidelity demonstrated and having a great period of development. It dates back to this period the construction of a first castle by some war veterans.

After the fall of the Roman Empire and the consequent barbaric invasions, Salerno made part of the Ostrogoth Kingdom of Italy and was the center of the Gothic War fought with Byzantium (535-553) after which the territory passed in Byzantine hand for 14 years, before the arrival of the Longobards in 568 who annexed it to the Duchy of Benevento (646).
Although at the beginning the new reigning were opposed by the population it was under the Longobards that Salerno knew a period of splendor and development both artistic and economic.

In 774 the Prince of Benevento Arechi II decided in fact to transfer its court to Salerno and for protect from the reduction of Carl the Great wanted to be built the defensives walls. Of this period also the construction of its royal palace and the church di San Pietro a Corte.
In 839, as a result of the inner crash between Radelchi and hereditary Prince Siconolfo, it was created the principality of Salerno, independent from Benevento, and entrusting to the prince with nomination by Emperor Ludovico II Germanico.
From this moment on the city developed again, in fact it was written on the coins the saying Opulenta Salernum.

With the advent of the Normans in South Italy, Salerno had to yield to the besieges of Robert Guiscard of Hauteville (1077) who had married before the Longobard princess of Salerno Sichelgaita (1058), daughter of Guaimario and sister of the besieged one, prince Gisulfo II.
With Robert the city newly flourished becoming the capital of the Norman Kingdom that, after the conquest of the Sicily to the Arabs (1068) and Bari to the Byzantines (1071) extended on all the South of Italy. In this period they were constructed the new royal palace, Castel Terracena, and the Arab-Norman Chatedral.
In 1127 the capital of the Kingdom was moved to Palermo and, with the advent of the Svevians, Salerno suffered the devastation by emperor Henry VI (1194), son of Frederick I Barbarossa. The previous events were these: the city dwellers, that not liked much the Svevian lineage, kidnapped Costanza d' Altavilla, future spouse of the Emperor and mother of Federico II, the stupor mundi.
The aversion continued under Federico II and only with his son Manfredi, who wanted some important works in the port, the relationship went better.
With the fall of the Svevians and the arrival of the Angioins Salerno made part of the Kingdom of Naples, born as a result of the arrival of the Aragoneses in Sicily (1282) and the subsequent division of the Kingdom of Sicily.
With the fall of the Angioins due to the arrival of Aragoneses (Naples - 1442) the city was managed by the Sanseverino lineage (XV - XVI secc.) with Norman origin until the popular revolt commanded by a fishmonger Ippolito di Pastina (1647). Followed a flagellating plague and a terrible earthquake (June 5th 1688) that reduced the city to a small village.

The rebirth arrived with the end of the Spanish domination and the spread of the republican ideals that brought to the Unity of Italy (1860) to which the city city actively participated increasing in number the Garibaldi's army.

During the Second World War Salerno was bombed by the allied forces which disembarked on its beach the 8th of September 1943.
Later on the city obtained new glory accommodating the government seat from February 10th to July 15th 1944 (Badoglio was first minister).

PAGE 1

SALERNO
Art City

Campania region of Italy

 

City Guide
art profile
museums

Travel in Salerno
Salerno hotels

 

Art Cities in Campania
Naples
Benevento
Caserta
Salerno
More Cities in Campania
Acerra
Agropoli
Amalfi
Baia and Miseno
Capri
Capua
Cuma
Ischia
Maiori
Minori
Nola
Positano
Pozzuoli
Procida
Ravello
Sorrento
Vietri
Archeological Sites
Cuma
Elea-Velia
Ercolano
Oplonti
Paestum
Pompeii
Places of Interest
Amalfi Coast
Campi Flegrei

In Italy Today
Italy Guides:
> Art Cities
> Full List
> Italy Regions
Exhibitions Events
Hotels B&Bs

 



ART TRAVEL LINK - SELECTED WEB SITES

  • ... ask to put your art-link here!

 


Vuoi inserire un LINK?
Hai un HOTEL o un'altra attività legata al TURISMO IN ITALIA?

Promuovilo nella pagina della tua città dentro IN ITALY TODAY!
OFFERTE PROMOZIONALI PER I PRIMI LINK

Art Travel directory

SUGGEST AN ART/TRAVEL-SITE

 

In Italy Today loves art

Š IN ITALY HOTELS NETWORK