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MACERATA

Macerata, main city of the province and center of an important University, has medieval origins.
Its name derives from “maceriae”, the ruins taken from the ancient city of Helvia Ricina (destroyed in the VII century during the barbaric invasions) used in order to rebuild the new city.

It became free Comune (Municipality) in 1138 and assumed later a neutral position in the fights between Papacy and Svevian Empire, between Guelfi and Ghibellines.
It became soon part of the dominion of the Church of Rome where remained for centuries until the arrival of the French troops leaded by Napoleon Bonaparte, which settled in the city (1797) before the Tolentino's Treaty, that marked the yield of the Pope and the beginning of the rise of General Bonaparte. The same troops destroyed part of the city in 1799.
It was then taken by Murat, brother-in-law of Napoleon and king of Naples, but just for a short time as he endured the defeat by Austrians troops (1815). Macerata therefore went back to the church as a result of the Congress of Vienna (1815) and remained until its annexation to the Reign of Italy (1860).

Center of Macerata is Piazza della Libertà that keeps its greater monuments: the Palazzo del Comune (1286), the Clock Tower (1485), the Palazzo della Prefettura (`500), the Renaissance Loggia dei Mercanti (1505), the theatre Lauro Rossi (1767).
Between the religious buildings we remember the Chatedral and the Sanctuary of the Madonna della Misericordia, built up on a plan by Luigi Vanvitelli.
Macerata has one of the most ancient University in the world, founded in 1290.
In the city it takes place an important lyric season in the evocative sferisterio, an arena in neoclassic style (1829) that accommodated the game of the bracelet football.

MACERATA
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Marches (Marche) region of Italy

 

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