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GROTTAMMARE

In antiquity the Grottammare's territory was under the infuence of Piceni, and known by Roman with the name of Cuprae Fanum for the presence of a Piceno temple dedicated to the goddess Cupra, patron of the fecundity.

The recent history begins in the VII and VIII century with the presence of Benedictines monks of the powerful Abbey of Farfa who settled in the zone known today as San Martino.
The first fortified structures were the result of the continuous attacks of Saracens from the sea. Managed by the city of Fermo, it passed for a decade to Svevian (1239-1248) and then to the bishops of Fermo (1248). Having a flourishing port the city was for long time quarreled between Fermo and Ascoli. Surrounded by town-walls still visible today Grottammare was able to reject the Turks' attack but it had to give up in 1525 to the pirats of Dulcigno, which temporaryly occupied it and subsequently caused a greater fortification of the village.
In 1520 it saw the birth of Felice Peretti, who became Pope in 1585 with the name of Sisto V.
At the end of the eighteenth century begins the recent history of Grottammare with the reduction to sea of its inhabitants and the construction of the new Grottammare with a great tourist vocation.
In October 12th 1860 Grottammare was protagonist of an important event in the birth of the Reign of Italy with the meeting between Vittorio Emanuele II and a delegation of notables from Naples who formally offered him the Reign of the two Sicilies.
In the twentieth century were built along the promenade som villas in Liberty style.

The village is reachabel through Porta Marina and Porta Castello (doors) that opens the town-walls. Crucial point of the visit of the medieval village is Piazza Perretti where are located the architectonic jewels of Grottammare: Palazzo Priorale, the Teatro dell'Arancio, the Altana dell'Orologio (Clock terrace), the splendid panoramic sight and the loggia.
Other places of sure interest are the Church of San Martino (1300) little outside from the village, that it rises on the ruins of Piceno temple deidcated to the Goddess Cupra, and the Church of Sant'Agostino ('500).

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