PESARO

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During the Second World War, the City was heavily damaged, also because it was close to the Gothic line, but after a period of standstill followed by occupation by the Alliance troops (until August 1944), the City eventually began its after war revival.

From an artistic and archaeological point of view, there are very few referable finds from the Roman to the High Medieval City.
The first artistic documents of any interest were established by a noteworthy group of Roman-Gothic Churches, with numerous remaining elements: the façade of the Cathedral (end of the 13th Century), the beautiful portals of Saint Agostino (1413), San Francesco (1356-1373) and San Domenico (1395). Until the event of the Renaissance, the artistic ambience of Pesaro presented numerous contacts with Veneta art, confirmed by some Venetian paintings which can be seen today in the Civic Museum.
The Renaissance is represented by the harmonious Ducal Palace, built at the request of Alessandro Sforza during the second half of the 15th Century, being then reconstructed after a fire, by Bartolomeo and Girolamo Genga. The Laurana (Dalmata (Dalmation) Architect who also worked in Urbino), arrived in the City in 1476 and contributed to the building of the Rocca Costanza, a important example of military architecture, begun in 1474.

The Imperial Villa is situated in the outskirts of the City, in the hills of San Bartolo, and takes its name from the Emperor Federico III of Hapsburg, who was guest of the Sforza family in 1452, attended to the foundation. Most of it was rebuilt under the Della Rovere Family, beginning from 1530 with works by Girolamo Genga, author also of a huge part of the interesting fresco decoration, with further participation from Menzocchi, Dossi, Bronzino and Perin del Vaga.

In the already mentioned Civic Museum, which is housed in the Mosca building, we can point out the Pala dell’Incoronazione della Vergine (Altarpiece of the Crowning of the Virgin Mary) by Giovanni Bellini, a splendid piece of art from the 1400’s, and a precious collection of majolica which reminds us how from 1462, Pesaro has been an important centre of majolica production, and that from the 15th to the 16th Century, it flourished under the protection of the Sforza Family.

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PESARO
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Marches (Marche) region of Italy

 

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