LAURIA

On the edges of the Pollino National Park, not too distant from the Tyrrhenian coast of the Policastro Gulf, is where one will find Lauria, an ancient centre situated on the slopes of Mount Irino

History

Not much is known about the birth of this village which some identify with ancient Lagaria, a pre-Roman centre, which in reality was founded on the Tyrrhenian coast. Others consider it as being the ancient Alci.
Its origins are probably linked to the arrival of Cretan refugees, who around 400 BFC, founded Iriae, which was then changed to Uria during Roman domination.

It was firstly destroyed by Pirro during the proverbial wars with the Romans (280-275 BC), then by the Visigoths of Alarico during 406 AD. Lauria was reconstructed in 460 and eventually passed into the Eastern Roman Empire after the end of the Ostrogoth Reign (553).

During the VII century, it merged into Longobard dominions of the Longobard Principality of Benevento and suffered frequent Saracen raids which eventually destroyed the village during 916.

Beginning from the X century it was seat of a community of Basilian monks, then passed under Norman dominions the subsequent century. It was eventually named Lauria by the Norman Guglielmo.

Over the centuries, it was fief of the following families: Sanseverino, Xaraque and Ulloa y Lanzino.

During the clash between French and Bourbon troops, Lauria was burnt and its Castle destroyed (1806).

A visit to the City

The City is divided into two parts by a cliff. In Lauria Superiore (Upper Lauria), one can visit the Castle ruins and the San Nicola of Bari Church, with its beautiful adjacent bell tower from the XV century.

In Lauria Inferiore (Lower Lauria) one can visit the other Cathedral, San Giacomo Apostolo, with its XIV century bell tower, the Congrega dell’Immacolata Concezione Church and the San Bernardino Convent.
The Santa Maria dei Martiri Church completes the visit of religious buildings. This church preserves a deposition in its interior (XV century).

Lauria is also ideal for those wishing to reach the ski slopes of neighbouring Mount Sirino.

Place of interest

The Medieval Ruggiero Castle; Medieval Walls and Doorways; Palazzo Viceconti, ex Episcopal seat; S. Nicola Matrix Church; Madonna dell’Armo Sanctuary (pre-Roman); S. Antonio Church and Convent (XV century); Convent dell’Immacolata Concezione; S. Maria dei Martiri Church; S. Veneranda Church; S. Pasquale Church; S. Giocome Matrix Church; San Bernardino Convent; SS Trinità Church; Belvedere p.zza S. Giacomo; Streams; Fiumicello; Caffaro; Torbido.

LAURIA
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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