ROTONDA

Rotonda is immersed in the Pollino National Park on top of a relief which dominates the surrounding territory and preserves numerous architectonic works which one can visit.

History

Some identify the site where Rotonda is positioned with that where ancient Nerulum was. It was a Lucani centre which was destroyed by Consul Q. Emilio Barbula during the Second Sannitic War (317 BC).

Invasions by the Goths during the V century AD made the population flee here in escape from more downstream centres. It was in this way that Rotunda Vallis Layni was founded.

It passed over to the Longobards during the VI century and was fortified and in contestation with the Byzantines for a long time.

It was a Norman dominium during the (XI century) and under the Swabians (XIII century) became a Lordship of Pietro Romano (1239).
It subsequently remained outside the clash with Angioiniansan troops during the Ghibelline revolt in 1268.
Around the 1400s, it passed hands to the powerful Sanseverino family and subsequently to Bisignano.

In the 18th century many nobiliary buildings were constructed with stone portals and workmanship by local artists.

During 1799 it participated in the Republican Motions and during 1806, it was plundered by Napoleon Bonaparte’s French troops.
It adhered to both the Renaissance Motions during 1848 and Unitarian ones of 1860, welcoming Garibaldi and his troops during their march towards Naples.

A visit to the City

The City preserves the remains of the Feudal Castle belonging to the Sanseverino family (XV century) and is embellished with numerous 18th century nobiliary buildings with elegant stone portals.

The Santa Maria della Consolazione Sanctuary is interesting and preserves a statue depicting the Madonna (1512) and also the SS Rosario and Sant’Antonio Churches.

Rotonda’s location inside the Pollino Park also allows its visitors numerous naturalistic excursions

Place of interest

The S. Maria della Consolazione Sanctuary (XVI century); The Mother Church (XIX century); SS Rosario Church; S. Antonio Church (XVIII century); S. Carlo Borromeo Church; The ruins of the Sanseverino-Bisignano Castle (XV century); Palazzo de Rinaldis (XVII-XVIII century); Palazzo Tedeschi (XVII-XVIII century); Palazzo di Sanso (XVI-XVIII century); Palazzo Amato (XVIII century); Palazzo de Cataldi (XVI-XVIII century); Remains of a furnace dedicated to brick and ciramilli (roof tile) production in the Fratta and Fiumara localities; Filanda a mano (Hand spinning) (1880); Water Mill in the Circoli locality; Eremita Grotto or Brigante in the Scaldacane locality; Small anti-brigand Fortification (1822); Excursions in the Pollino National Park; Chiusi Woods; Fosso Paraturo; La Voragine (Abyss) “"Pièzze 'i Trende”; Visit to Viggianello.

Museums

Pollino Naturalistic Museum

Events

San Giuseppe Bonfire and festival of Lasagne and Chickpeas on 19th March; Feast of the Madonna dell’Addolorata on the last Saturday and Sunday of May; Feast of Sant’Antonio and Fir festival on 8th & 13th June; Feast of SS Pietro and Paolo on 28th & 29th June; Feast of the Madonna della Consolazione on 17th & 18th August; Feast of the Madonna del Rosario on the first Sunday in October.

ROTONDA
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Basilicata region of Italy

 

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